Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

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			<titleStmt>
				<title>AM 777 b-d 4to</title>
			</titleStmt>
			
			<publicationStmt>
				<availability status="free"><licence target="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/">
					Distributed by the University of Copenhagen under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
					3.0 Unported License.</licence></availability>
				<authority>Den Arnamagnæanske Samling, København</authority>
			</publicationStmt>
			
			<sourceDesc>
				
				<msDesc xml:id="AM040777bd" xml:lang="en"> 
					<msIdentifier>
						<repository ref="#AMDK">Den Arnamagnæanske Samling, Copenhagen</repository> 
						<idno>AM 777 b-d 4to</idno>
					</msIdentifier>
				
				
					<physDesc>
						<objectDesc form="codex">							
							<supportDesc material="chart">								
								<support>
									<num type="front-flyleaf" value="0"/>
									<num type="book-block" value="25"/>
									<num type="back-flyleaf" value="0"/>
									
								</support>
							</supportDesc>
						</objectDesc>
						<bindingDesc><binding><p>The manuscript is bound in a grey cardboard binding, presumably from <name type="person" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name>'s time.
							On the front cover, <q>777b</q> was written in brown ink, to
							which <q>-d</q> was added in black ink. On the spine, there are two stickers for the shelfmark and the running number. The pastedowns
							are made from blank white paper (front) and blueish paper (back). In front, the pastedown is part of a bifolium, the second part of which forms the front
							flyleaf and carries a note in the hand of <name type="person" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name>.
							On the pastedown in the back, parts of a watermark can be seen, reading "NYDMØLLE". A slim stumb of the back pastedown is folded around the last quire of the
							manuscript. 
							The first five leaves, <ref>AM 777 b 4to</ref>, were not bound in with the rest of the manuscript at first, but were added slighlty later (acc. to <name type="person" key="MetJak001">Mette Jakobsen</name>).
						<!-- AM's note on the flyleaf could be added by him at the same time --></p></binding></bindingDesc> 
					</physDesc>
					
					<msPart xml:id="AM040777bCU1"> 
						<msIdentifier>
							<idno>AM 777 b 4to CU1</idno>
						</msIdentifier>
					
					<msContents>
						<msItem n="1">
							<locus from="1r" to="5v"/>  		
							<title type="supplied">Grønlandsbeskrivelse</title>
							<textLang mainLang="da">Danish</textLang>
							<author><name type="person" key="IvaBar001">Ivar Baardssøn</name></author> 
							<rubric>Saa sige Wijse mæand som födde erre ij grönland och sist er komenn aff grönlant at
								Norden affstadt wdi Norge ere vij dag segling rett vdij wester till horritz som ligger offuerst paa Island</rubric>
							<incipit>Först fra Sneffuelsnes aff Island som er strakit</incipit>
							<explicit>er den störste kirke sogenn som ligger ij grönlandt</explicit>
							<filiation>
								<ref type="ms" target="#AM04-0777a" ana="antigraph">Possibly a copy of AM 777 a 4to, but in a different order.</ref>
							</filiation> 
							<note>Mostly without rubrics.</note>
						</msItem>
					</msContents>				
					
					<physDesc>
						<objectDesc form="codex">							
							<supportDesc material="chart">								
								<support>
									<num type="book-block" value="5"/>
									<dimensions type="leaf">
										<height unit="mm" atLeast="250" atMost="260"/>
										<width unit="mm" atLeast="175" atMost="190"/>
									</dimensions>
									<!--<note>The manuscript is in folio-format, but the front and bottom egdes are folded to make it fit the size of the other parts.</note>-->
									<watermark ana="yes">There is a large watermark, possibly a crown. Due to the condition of the paper, the watermark is difficult to see.<p>
										<list>
											<item>Fol. 1: crown(?)</item>
											<item>Fol. 2: crown(?)</item>
											<item>Fol. 3: crown(?)</item>
											<item>Fol. 4: "blank"</item>
											<item>Fol. 5: crown(?)</item>
										</list>
									</p>
										<p>The front flyleaf (which forms a bifolium with the front pastedown) shows a small unidentifiable part of a watermark 
											at the top of the leaves, close to the spine. </p></watermark> 
								</support>
								<foliation ana="later fol">There is later foliation in purple (1-5). 
									The foliation was written on the respective verso-sides of the leaves which are folded inwards.</foliation>
								<foliation ana="later fol">There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom left-hand corner of the recto-sides 
									of most leaves, which is only visible when the leaves are expanded (2-5).</foliation> 
								<collation><p>There is one quire: <list>
									<item>I: fols. 1-5 (1, 2+5, 3+4) (1 singleton, 2 bifolia) <note>The leaves are all singletons, but they were joined into two bifolia. The leaves are attached to the 
									front flyleaf, which forms a bifolium with the front pastedown.</note></item> 
								</list>
								</p>
									<signatures>There are no quire signatures.</signatures>
									<catchwords>There are no catchwords.</catchwords> 
								</collation>
								<condition><p>The leaves are in folio-format, but the front and bottom edges are folded in order to make them fit the quarto format of the binding.</p>
									<p>Due to the folding, the condition of the leaves is rather poor. The material is very weak, especially close to the spine and at the bottom outer corner.</p>
									<p>All leaves are singletons onto which small paper strips are glued, in order to join them to bifolia.</p>
									<p>By means of the same paper strips, the leaves have been attached to the verso-side of the fromt flyleaf (close to the spine).</p>
								<p>There are many traces of wear, mostly stains and tears.</p>
								<p>The paper has been trimmed.</p></condition> 
							</supportDesc>
							<layoutDesc>
								<layout columns="1" writtenLines="27 29">
									<num type="wpl" atLeast="8" atMost="10"/>
									<dimensions type="written">
										<height unit="mm" quantity="225"/>
										<width unit="mm" quantity="140"/>
									</dimensions>
								</layout>
							</layoutDesc>
						</objectDesc>
						
						<handDesc hands="1">
							<handNote scribeRef="unknown" scope="sole" script="kurrent"/>
						</handDesc>
						
						<decoDesc><decoNote type="initial">The first letters of a paragraph or a line are often written larger (2-3 lines) and with more squiggles and loops.</decoNote></decoDesc>
						<additions><p><name key="ArnMag001" type="person">Árni Magnússon</name> has written on the recto-side of the front flyleaf
							(<dimensions type="slip" unit="mm"><height>205</height><width>160</width></dimensions>):
							<q>Þetta um Grænland
								<p>er uttekid ur bok i folio, hvar ä er (eg ä bokina) Noregs Lỏgbok Magnuss k<ex>onung</ex>s, Danicè.</p>
								<p>Rettarbætur margar.</p>
								<p>Christinrettrinn int<ex>er</ex>prete Hans gaas.</p>
								<p>Mỏrg christiani IV. bref, mỏrg þar af vidimerud af Axel Gyldenstiern.</p>
								<p>margar R<ex>ettar</ex>bætur en<ex>n</ex> aptur.</p>
								<p>Bergens fundatz 2(?)</p>
								<p>Bokin er ritud i Friderici II tid og skrifad so vid ä pappir (audan lätien i fyrstu) ä Christiani IV. yngre ärum.</p>
								Bokina hefr ätt Hans Lindenow. Þetta um Grænland var aptarst i bokinne, og synest vera confusum.</q> 
						</p>
							<p>On fol. <locus>5v</locus>, a later hand has added: <q>NB: Med dette manuscript overennsstemmer den i Minerva Jan. 1788 S. 19-31 indförte
						Grænlandia descriptio <gap/> næsten Ord efter andet.</q></p></additions>
						
						
						<accMat/>
						
					</physDesc>
					
					<history>
						<origin>
							<p>This codicological unit was written in <origPlace key="DKNO">Denmark or Norway</origPlace>.
								Kålund dates it to the <date notBefore="1500" notAfter="1599">16th century</date> 
								<bibl><ref target="KKKat">Katalog II</ref>, 
									<biblScope unit="page">197</biblScope></bibl>, while handrit.is in more precise in dating
								it to the <origDate notBefore="1550" notAfter="1599">end of the 16th century</origDate>.</p>
						</origin>
						<provenance>
							<p>At some point before <name type="person" role="owner" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name>,
							<name type="person" key="HanLin001">Hans Lindenow</name> owned the larger manuscript, of which this was a part (see additions).</p>
							
 						   <listRelation period="t0">
 						   	<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777bCU1" passive="#AM040777bd" n="1"/>
 						   </listRelation><listBibl><bibl>BS</bibl></listBibl> 
							<listRelation period="t1">
								<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777bCU1" passive="#JO040777" n="2h"/>
							</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>AM 456 fol.</bibl></listBibl> 
							<listRelation period="t2">
								<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777bCU1" passive="x" n="x"/> <!-- last in Hans Lindenow's book, other parts hitherto not identified (lost?) but mostly from 16th c. (see additions). -->
							</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>BS</bibl></listBibl> 
						<!--	<listRelation period="t3">
								<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777bCU1" passive="#" n=""/>
							</listRelation><listBibl><bibl></bibl></listBibl> -->
						</provenance>
					</history>	
					</msPart> 
					
					<msPart xml:id="AM040777cCU2"> 
						<msIdentifier>
							<idno>AM 777 c 4to CU2</idno>
						</msIdentifier>
						
						<msContents>
							<msItem n="2">
								<locus from="6r" to="13r:9"/>  		
								<title type="uniform">Grønlandsbeskrivelse</title>
								<textLang mainLang="da">Danish</textLang>
								<author><name type="person" key="IvaBar001">Ivar Baardssøn</name></author>
								<rubric>Saa sige wisemend som fódde ere wdi grónland, och sidst komme aff Grónland at
									norden aff Stadt wdi norge er vij dage seiglingh ret wdi wester till horijs Som ligger ófferst paa Island. 
								</rubric>
								<incipit>Inenn fra Sneffelznes aff Islannd som er starkist</incipit>
								<explicit>beste huede som wære maa</explicit>
									
							</msItem>
							<msItem n="3">
								<locus from="13v:1" to="13v:22"/> 
								<title type="supplied">Letter</title>
								<author>Andreas, Bishop of Greenland</author>
								<textLang mainLang="da">Danish</textLang>
								<rubric>[no rubric]</rubric>
								<incipit>Wi Andreas med Guds naade, Biskop</incipit>
								<explicit>dag effter festum Sancti Bartolomej A. <gap/> MCDLX</explicit>
								<colophon>1606 / 1460 / ante annos 146 // 1460 / 146 / 1606</colophon> 
							</msItem>
						</msContents>				
						
						<physDesc>
							<objectDesc form="codex">							
								<supportDesc material="chart">								
									<support>
										<num type="book-block" value="8"/>
										<dimensions type="leaf">
											<height unit="mm" quantity="212"/>
											<width unit="mm" quantity="153"/>
										</dimensions>
										<watermark ana="yes">The watermark is a pitcher with a decorated lid (with a quatrefoil). Inside the pitcher, two letters ("IG") can be seen.<p>
											The details are:
											<list>
												<item>Fol. 6: pitcher (bottom)</item>
												<item>Fol. 7: "blank"</item>
												<item>Fol. 8: pitcher (top)</item>
												<item>Fol. 9: "blank"</item>
												<item>Fol. 10: "blank"</item>
												<item>Fol. 11: pitcher (bottom)</item>
												<item>Fol. 12: "blank"</item>
												<item>Fol. 13: pitcher (top)</item>
											</list>
										</p>
										<p>On the AM-slip, there are remnants visible of a countermark consisting of several letters.</p></watermark>
									</support>
									<foliation ana="later fol">There is later foliation in purple in the top right-hand corners (6-13).</foliation> 
									<collation><p>There is one quire: <list>
										<item>II: fols. 6-13 (6+13, 7+12, 8+11, 9+10) (4 bifolia)</item> 
									</list>
									</p>
										<signatures>There are no quire signatures.</signatures>
										<catchwords>There are no catchwords.</catchwords> 
									</collation>
									<condition><p>The leaves are rather clean except for the edges.</p>
									<p>The edges are untrimmed and slightly darker.</p>
									<p>There are yellowish stains (from fat?) in the upper half of fol. <locus>13</locus>.</p>
										<p>On fol. <locus>7r</locus>, there are remnants of greenish-grey stains.</p>
										<p>Fols. <locus>6r</locus> and <locus>13v</locus>
										are slightly darker than the other leaves due to dirt.</p></condition>
								</supportDesc>
								<layoutDesc>
									<layout columns="1" writtenLines="21 22">
										<num type="wpl" atLeast="5" atMost="7"/>
										<dimensions type="written">
											<height unit="mm" quantity="170"/>
											<width unit="mm" quantity="110"/>
										</dimensions>
									</layout>
								</layoutDesc>
							</objectDesc>
							
							<handDesc hands="2">
								<handNote scribeRef="unknown" scope="major" script="kurrent">The main scribe wrote fols. <locus>6r-13r</locus>.</handNote>
								<handNote scribeRef="unknown" scope="minor" script="kurrent">The second scribe wrote fol. <locus>13v</locus>.</handNote>
							</handDesc>
							
							<decoDesc><decoNote type="initial">The initials are written slightly larger (1-2 lines) and are partially decorated with additional strokes.</decoNote>
								<decoNote type="paratext">The long rubric is written in larger, bold letters and is emphasised by means of chancery script.</decoNote></decoDesc>
							<additions><p>On fol. <locus>13v</locus>, the scribe of the letter has added two words in the outer margin.</p></additions>
							
							<accMat>
								<p>An <locus from="accMat01r" to="accMat01v">AM-slip</locus> 
									(<dimensions type="slip" unit="mm"><height>205</height><width>157</width></dimensions>) 
									is attached to fol. <locus>6r</locus>.
									<name key="ArnMag001" type="person">Árni Magnússon</name> has written on it:
									<q>Om Grỏnland. Kiỏbt paa Etats Raad Rostgaardz auction, i en fasciculo, Num. M<ex>anu</ex>s<ex>crip</ex>torum 604.</q> 
								</p>
							</accMat>
						</physDesc>
						
						<history>
							<origin>
								<p>The codicological unit was probably written in <origPlace key="DK">Denmark</origPlace>.
									Kålund dates the first item to <origDate notBefore="1575" notAfter="1625">ca. 1600</origDate>
									<bibl><ref target="KKKat">Katalog II</ref>, 
										<biblScope unit="page">197</biblScope></bibl>, while the letter is dated to
									<date when="1606">1606</date> (see colophon).</p>
							</origin>
							<provenance>
								<p><name type="person" role="owner" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name> bought the manuscript, of 
									which this codicological unit was a part, from <name type="person" key="FreRos001">Frederik Rostgaard</name> at his auction in <date when="1726">1726</date>
									for 3 mark and 12 shilling <bibl>Kålund 1909, 101</bibl>.</p>
								
								<listRelation period="t0">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777cCU2" passive="#AM040777bd" n="2"/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>BS</bibl></listBibl> 
								<listRelation period="t1">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777cCU2" passive="#JO040777" n="3h"/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>AM 456 fol.</bibl></listBibl> 
								<listRelation period="t2">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777cCU2" passive="#BS58" n="4"/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>Kålund 1909, <biblScope unit="page">101</biblScope></bibl></listBibl> 
								<!--<listRelation period="t3">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777cCU2" passive="#" n=""/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl></bibl></listBibl>--> 
							</provenance>
						</history>	
					</msPart> 
					
					<msPart xml:id="AM040777dCU3"> 
						<msIdentifier>
							<idno>AM 777 d 4to CU3</idno>
						</msIdentifier>
						
						<msContents>
							<titlePage ana="contemporary"><titlePart>It<ex>e</ex>m: En Kort Beschriffuelse om Grönland Om Sen<ex>nlædzen Tid(?) hen Sag og Om Landtzens Beschriffuelse</ex></titlePart></titlePage>
							<msItem n="4">
								<locus from="14r" to="25r"/>  		
								<title type="uniform">Grønlandsbeskrivelse</title>
								<author><name type="person" key="IvaBar001">Ivar Baardssøn</name></author> 
								<textLang mainLang="da">Danish</textLang>
								<rubric>It<ex>e</ex>m: En Kort Beschriffuelse om Grönland Om Seyladzen Did Hen Saa og Om Landtzens Beschriffuelse</rubric>
								<incipit>Saa siger wiise mænd, som födr Ere udj Grönland</incipit>
								<explicit>Kaars i Traerne og i Steene. Og Endet Saadandt</explicit>
								<note>Same text as in <ref>AM 777 a 4to</ref>.</note> 
								<note>The title was written on fol. <locus>14r</locus>, while the main text starts on fol. <locus>15r</locus>.</note>
							</msItem>
						</msContents>				
						
						<physDesc>
							<objectDesc form="codex">							
								<supportDesc material="chart">								
									<support>
										<num type="book-block" value="12"/>
										<dimensions type="leaf">
											<height unit="mm" quantity="208"/>
											<width unit="mm" quantity="161"/>
										</dimensions>
										<watermark ana="yes">The watermark is a large round watermark with a lily on top and the letters "AJ" underneath. In the centre, there is
											a figure, possibly a lion. The countermark consists of three letters ("CDG"?).<p>
											<list>
												<item>Fol. 14: countermark</item>
												<item>Fol. 15: round watermark (top)</item>
												<item>Fol. 16: round watermark (bottom)</item>
												<item>Fol. 17: countermark</item>
											</list>
												<list>
												<item>Fol. 18: round watermark (top)</item>
												<item>Fol. 19: countermark</item>
												<item>Fol. 20: countermark</item>
												<item>Fol. 21: round watermark (bottom)</item>
											</list>
												<list>
													<item>Fol. 22: countermark</item>
													<item>Fol. 23: round watermark (bottom)</item>
													<item>Fol. 24: round watermark (top)</item>
													<item>Fol. 25: countermark</item>
												</list>
										</p></watermark> 
									</support>
									<foliation ana="later fol">There is later foliation in purple in the top outer corners (14-25).</foliation> 
									<collation><p>There are three quires: <list>
										<item>I: fols. 14-17 (14+17, 15+16) (2 bifolia)</item>
										<item>II: fols. 18-21 (18+21, 19+20) (2 bifolia)</item>
										<item>III: fols. 22-25 (22+25, 23+24) (2 bifolia)</item>
									</list>
									</p>
										<signatures>There are quire signatures on fols. <locus>14r</locus> (a.), 
											<locus>18r</locus> (b.) and <locus>22r</locus> (c.).</signatures>
										<catchwords>There are no catchwords.</catchwords> 
									</collation>
									<condition><p>The leaves are relatively clean.</p>
										<p>The edges are untrimmed, but still rather straight. The leaves are slightly discoloured around the edges.</p>
									<p>Fols. <locus>14r</locus> and <locus>25v</locus> are slightly darker and dirtier than the other leaves, 
										indicating that they used to be at the outside of the manuscript.</p></condition> 
								</supportDesc>
								<layoutDesc>
									<layout columns="1" writtenLines="19 20">
										<num type="wpl" atLeast="5" atMost="8"/>
										<dimensions type="written">
											<height unit="mm" atLeast="150" atMost="160"/>
											<width unit="mm" atLeast="100" atMost="105"/>
										</dimensions>
										<note>There are one, sometimes two vertical folding lines for marking the outer margins.</note>
									</layout>
								</layoutDesc>
							</objectDesc>
							
							<handDesc hands="1">
								<handNote scribeRef="unknown" scope="sole" script="kurrent">A few Latin words were written in humanist cursiva script.</handNote> <!-- possibly written by Jón Eggertsson? see Katalog II, 197 -->
							</handDesc>
							
							<decoDesc><decoNote type="initial">The first initial spans ca. 4 lines and is decorated with additional lines and squiggles. Other initials span 2-3 lines.</decoNote>
							<decoNote type="paratext">The rubric is written larger than the main text and has been written over several times in order 
								to make the letters appear bolder.</decoNote>
							<decoNote type="frieze">On the title page, there is a large decorative tailpiece.</decoNote></decoDesc>
							<additions><p><name type="person" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name> has added corrections to the text in darker ink.</p></additions>
							
							<accMat></accMat>
						</physDesc>
						
						<history>
							<origin>
								<p>The codicological unit was presumably written in <origPlace key="IS DK">Denmark or possibly Iceland</origPlace>.
									Kålund dates it to the <origDate notBefore="1651" notAfter="1700">end of the seventeenth century</origDate> 
									<bibl><ref target="KKKat">Katalog II</ref>, 
										<biblScope unit="page">197</biblScope></bibl>.</p>
							</origin>
							<provenance>
								<p>It is hitherto unknown when or from whom <name type="person" role="owner" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name>
									acquired the codicological unit.</p>
								
								<listRelation period="t0">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777dCU3" passive="#AM040777bd" n="3"/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>BS</bibl></listBibl> 
								<listRelation period="t1">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777dCU3" passive="#JO040777" n="4h"/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>AM 456 fol.</bibl></listBibl> 
								<listRelation period="t2">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040777dCU3" passive="x" n="x"/>
								</listRelation><listBibl><bibl>BS</bibl></listBibl> 
								<!--<listRelation period="t3">
									<relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#" passive="#" n=""/>
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.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00