Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

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                <title>AM 554 a α 4to</title>
                <availability status="free"><licence target="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/">
                    Distributed by the University of Copenhagen under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
                    3.0 Unported License.</licence></availability>
                <authority>Den Arnamagnæanske Samling, København</authority>
                <msDesc xml:id="AM040554aalpha" xml:lang="en">
                        <repository ref="#AMIS">Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík</repository>
                        <idno>AM 554 a α 4to</idno>
                    <msPart xml:id="AM040554aalphaCU1"> 
                            <idno>AM 554 a α 4to CU1</idno>
                            <msItem n="1">
                                <locus from="1r" to="13r">1r-23r</locus>  		
                                <title type="uniform">Harðar saga og Hólmverja</title>
                                <textLang mainLang="is">Icelandic</textLang>
                                <rubric>Sagan<ex>n</ex> Af Hørde Og Hans Fylgiurum Þeim Holmuerum</rubric>
                                <incipit>A dogum Harallz hins haarfagra bigdest</incipit>
                                <explicit>hefnd verid drepn<ex>n</ex> s<ex>e</ex>m 
                                    <supplied reason="damage">e</supplied>pt<ex>ir</ex> hond</explicit>
                                <finalRubric>og luku vier suo Holmueria Sogu</finalRubric>
                                    <ref type="ms" target="#AM02-0165e" ana="antigraph">Copy of AM 165 e fol.</ref> 
                                    <bibl>Hast 1960 (II), <biblScope unit="page">152</biblScope></bibl>
                                <note>The lower part of fol. <locus>23r</locus> and all of fol. <locus>23v</locus> were originally blank.</note> 	
                            <objectDesc form="codex">							
                                <supportDesc material="chart">								
                                        <num type="front-flyleaf" value="1"/>
                                        <num type="book-block" value="25"/>
                                        <num type="back-flyleaf" value="1"/>
                                        <dimensions type="leaf">
                                            <height unit="mm" quantity="192"/>
                                            <width unit="mm" quantity="153"/>
                                        <watermark ana="yes">The watermark resembles a crown or a city with three towers. On top of the towers, 
                                            there are flower-like elements, and in the middle below them, there are two larger and two smaller circles.
                                            The details are: 
                                                <item>fol. <locus>1</locus>: towers (top)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>2</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>3</locus>: towers (bottom)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>4</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>5</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>6</locus>: towers (top)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>7</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>8</locus>: towers (bottom)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>9</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>10</locus>: towers (bottom)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>11</locus>: towers (bottom)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>12</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>13</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>14</locus>: towers (top)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>15</locus>: towers (top)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>16</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>17</locus>: ?</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>18</locus>: towers (bottom)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>19</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>20</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>21</locus>: towers (top)</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>22</locus>: ?</item>
                                                <item>fol. <locus>23</locus>: "blank"</item>
                                            The watermark on the older bifolium in front is the countermark "PD".
                                    <foliation ana="later fol">There is modern foliation in pencil.</foliation> 
                                    <collation><p>There are three quires: <list>
                                        <item>I: fols. 1-8 (1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5) (4 bifolia) <note>Most of the leaves have been repaired
                                        close to the spine. Nevertheless, this is an original quire.</note></item> 
                                        <item>II: fols. 9-16 (9+16, 10+15, 11+14, 12+13) (4 bifolia)</item>
                                        <item>III: fols. 17-23 (17+22, 18+21, 19+20, 23) (3 bifolia, 1 singleton) <note>The singleton leaf fol. 23
                                        has been glued onto the outside of fol. 17. Based on the darker appearance of its
                                        verso-side, this
                                        seems to have been a singleton leaf at the end of the quire from the beginning.</note></item>
                                        <signatures>There are no quire signatures.</signatures>
                                        <catchwords>There are catchwords on most pages.</catchwords> 
                                    <condition><p>The leaves are rather dirty, especially at the original quire boundaries.</p>
                                    <p>There are many stains.</p> <p>The leaves have been trimmed so that some text is lost.</p></condition> 
                                    <layout columns="1" writtenLines="24 27">
                                        <num type="wpl" atLeast="10" atMost="12"/>
                                        <dimensions type="written">
                                            <height unit="mm" quantity="180"/>
                                            <width unit="mm" quantity="140"/>
                                        <note>On some pages, the outer margins have been ruled with ink.</note>
                            <handDesc hands="1">
                                <handNote scribeRef="unknown" scope="sole" script="mixed">The script changes in between chancery, hybrida and kurrent.
                                The letter size also varies.</handNote>
                            <decoDesc><decoNote type="initial">The first initial is written larger (2-3 lines) and bolder than the other letters. </decoNote>
                            <decoNote type="paratext">Some catchwords are decorated with lines or simple squiggles.</decoNote>
                                <decoNote type="frieze">At the end of the text on fol. <locus>23r</locus>, there are two similar tail-pieces,
                                    one of which may be a later imitation of the other.</decoNote></decoDesc>
                            <additions><p>On fol. <locus>23r</locus>, someone has added <q>Finis non finis</q>.</p>
                                <p>On fol. <locus>23v</locus>, there are several names and pen trials in different hands. Among them: <q>S<ex>ier</ex>a Peter Gisusrsen[!]</q>,
                                    <q>Halldor Magnuson</q>, <q>Páll Oddsson</q>, <q>Eyolfur Eynararsson</q> and 
                                    <q>Thorstein<ex>n</ex> Kristin<ex>n</ex>ss<ex>on</ex>(?)</q>.</p>
                                <p>The scribe has added corrections and additions to the margins of fols. <locus
                                    from="4v" to="4v">4v</locus>, <locus from="7r" to="7r">7r</locus>, <locus from="10r" to="10r">10r</locus>, 
                                    <locus from="15r" to="15v">15r-v</locus>, <locus from="16v" to="16v">16v</locus>, 
                                    <locus from="18r" to="18r" >18r</locus> and <locus from="21v" to="21v">21v</locus>.</p>
                                <p>In front of the manuscript, there is a bifolium that used to surround the manuscript. 
                                    The leaves bear handwritten text and stem from another manuscript. The size of the leaves
                                    has been adjusted to the manuscript.
                                    The text is crossed out using the same ink
                                    as a note by <name type="person" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name> on the recto-side of the first leaf
                                    (cf below).
                                    The text can be identified as part of <title>Annals</title> of the year <date when="1412">1413</date>.
                                    It starts with <q>sem fölked var ecke sialf biarga</q> and ends with 
                                    <q>þeim er á Lyra heiter i Leyrärsveit, færdest ur stad Biarg</q>. 
                                    <note>Another bifolium of the same manuscript, 
                                    also containing annals, is preserved in <ref>AM 588 r 4to</ref>.</note></p> 
                                <p><name type="person" key="ArnMag001">Árni Magnússon</name> has added to the recto-side of the first leaf ("a"): 
                                    <q>Holmveria Saga. grey Exe<supplied reason="damage">m</supplied>plar.
                                        ur bok fra s<ex>ira</ex> Þorkele Oddzsyne i
                                        Gaulveriabæ</q>. <note>From the missing letter in <name type="person" key="ArnMag001">Árni</name>'s note
                                        can be deduced that the added leaves used to be larger when he first reused them and that they were
                                        trimmed later on.</note></p> 
                                <p>The added bifolium in front has been foliated in pencil in the top outer corners as "a" and "b".</p>
                                <p>In the bottom margin of fol. <locus>19r</locus>, there used to be marginalia (in the place where 
                            quire signatures usually are). This part has been cut off during trimming so that the script can not be identified or read.
                            <note>It is unlikely that it was a quire signature, since no other leaves show traces of those. Moreover, the watermarks
                            and the relative cleanliness of the page suggest that this page was located at the inside of a quire.</note></p></additions>
                            <binding when="1976-07" contemporary="false">
                                <p>The current binding (<dimensions type="binding" unit="mm"
                                    ><height>197</height><width>176</width><depth>11</depth></dimensions>) is a modern half
                                    binding with fabric on the boards from <date when="1976-07">July 1976</date>.
                                    It was made by <name type="person" key="BirDal001">Birgitte Dall</name> in <name type="place">Copenhagen</name>. 
                                    The current flyleaves belong to this binding.</p>
                            <binding contemporary="false"> 
                                <p>An older binding (<dimensions type="binding" unit="mm"
                                    is kept in the same box as the manuscript. It is a grey cardboard binding with handcrafted paper on the boards. The pastedown 
                                    is made from blank bluish paper. On the front cover, there are the title and the shelfmark, which were added by two different
                                    hands<!-- but in the typiscal manner of <name type="person" key="JenWeb001">Jens Jakob Weber</name>-->. On the
                                spine, there are two stickers for the shelfmark and the running number.</p> 
                            <p>There is a loose slip in front of the manuscript containing information
                            about the restoration of the manuscript by <name type="person" key="BirDal001">Birgitte Dall</name> in
                                <date when="1976-07">July 1976</date>.</p>
                        <origin>The codicological unit was written in <origPlace key="IS"
                                >Iceland</origPlace>. It is dated to the <origDate
                                    notBefore="1601" notAfter="1700">seventeenth
                                    century</origDate> <bibl><ref target="KKKat"
                                        >Katalog I</ref>, <biblScope unit="page">699</biblScope></bibl>.
                            The codicological unit was most likely written at <name type="place"
                                    >Eyjafjöll</name> and was in the <name type="place"
                                        >Vestmannaeyjar</name> in the <date notBefore="1650" 
                                            notAfter="1699">late seventeenth century</date> <bibl>Hast 1960, 2: 
                                            <biblScope unit="page">151-152</biblScope></bibl>.
                            <p><name key="ArnMag001" type="person">Árni Magnússon</name> borrowed 
                                 the codex, of 
                                 which this codicological unit was a part, from séra <name key="ThoOdd002" type="person"
                                    >Þorkell Oddsson</name> in <name type="place" key="GauGau01"
                                    >Gaulverjabær</name> (see additions).
                                <name key="ThoOdd002" type="person"
                                    >Þorkell Oddsson</name> had inherited the manuscript from his father
                                <name type="person" key="OddEyj001">Oddur Eyjólfsson</name> the older.
                                Earlier, it belonged to <name type="person" key="EinEyj002">Einar Eyjólfsson</name>, 
                                and after his death it came into the possession of the named <name
                                    type="person" key="OddEyj001">Oddur Eyjólfsson</name>, who married
                                <name type="person" key="EinEyj002">Einar Eyjólfsson</name>'s widow. <name
                                    type="person" key="OddEyj001">Oddur Eyjólfsson</name> lent the manuscript 
                                for some time to his relative
                                <name type="person" key="PalOdd001">Páll Oddsson</name> <bibl>Hast 1960, 2: <biblScope unit="page">151-152</biblScope></bibl>.</p> 
                            <listRelation period="t0">
                            <relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040554aalphaCU1" passive="#AM040554aalpha" n="1"/>
                            <listRelation period="t1">
                                <relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040554aalphaCU1" passive="#JO040554" n="1"/>
                            </listRelation><listBibl><bibl>AM 456 fol.</bibl></listBibl>
                            <listRelation period="t2">
                                <relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040554aalphaCU1" passive="#BS61" n="4h"/>
                           <!-- <listRelation period="t3">
                                <relation type="CRM" name="P46_forms_part_of" active="#AM040554aalphaCU1" passive="#" n=""/>
                            </listRelation><listBibl><bibl></bibl></listBibl> -->
            <change type="handrit"><name type="person" key="ThoSig001">ÞS</name>
                skráði samkvæmt reglum TEI P5<date from="2009-04-06" to="2009-04-06">6. apríl 2009</date> og síðar.</change>
            <change when="2014" who="#BS">Adopted from handrit.is and adjusted according to own standards.</change> 
            <change when="2015" who="#BS">Markup checked.</change>
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00