Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 770 a-c 4to
AM 770 a-c 4to
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling, Copenhagen
This manuscript consists of 15 parts.
Codex
Paper
39

AM 770 a-c 4to are stored in a common brown box. The box is in folio-size and marked
"AM 770 4to"
. Inside the box, there are four separately bound volumes: One volume each for a and b, and two volumes for c (one in 4to and one in folio-format).
Codex
Paper
10

The binding is a thin cardboard binding consisting two layers of cardboard. The front cover is blank except for the shelfmark (
"770A in 4to"
) which was written in the top left-hand corner using dark ink. Originally, the shelfmark read
"771 d"
and has been corrected several times, possibly also to
"770 or 771 d"
at some point. On the spine, there are two stickers for the shelfmark and the running number. The pastedowns are made from blank paper with a Maid of Dort watermark ("ProPatria", "JZoonen G[...]").

An AM-slip (193 mm x 156 mm) is attached in front of the manuscript. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"fra Profastenum Sera Þorde Jonssyne ä Stadarstad 1707. var aptanvid Laxdæla sögu."
Note: It is unclear where this slip originally belonged and if it has been placed here incorrectly.
AM 770 a 4to CU1 (1690-1697, Norway)
1. (1r-7v:10) Grænlendinga þáttur Icelandic Grænlendinga þattr Socki het madr oc var Þorisson enn þeir hermundr kuamo til Islanz til ættjarða, og lickur þar þessi Sogu 2. (7v:11-8r:4) Biskupar ok kirkjur á Grænlandi Icelandic Þessir hafa biskupar verit a Grænlandi Arnalldr. Haralldr Nikolas þriðia i ana vik i rangafyrde. Note: Most of fol. 8r and all of fol. 8v are blank.
Codex
Paper
8313 mm x 202 mm
There are two watermarks. The first watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam with the letters "AJ" underneath. The countermark consists of letters, possibly "PB". the second watermark is a different coat of arms of Amsterdam with the letters "HG(?)" underneath.
The details are:
  • Fol. 1: coat of arms (upside down)
  • Fol. 2: coat of arms (upside down)
  • Fol. 3: coat of arms (upside down)
  • Fol. 4: coat of arms (upside down)
  • Fol. 5: letters (upside down)
  • Fol. 6: letters (upside down)
  • Fol. 7: letters (upside down)
  • Fol. 8: coat of arms: HG (upside up)

There is contemporary pagination in brown ink in the top outer corners (1-14).There is later foliation in purple in the bottom outer corners (1-8).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-8 (1, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5, 8) (3 bifolia, 2 singletons) Note: Fol. 8 is glued onto the stub of the leaf that formed a bifolium with fol. 1.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in folio-format.
  • There are many stains, especially in the margins and close to the edges.
  • Fol. 1r is dirtier than the other pages.
  • A horizontal folding line is visible in the middle of all leaves.
The text is written in one column. 260-270 mm x 150 mm31-327-10Note: There is dry ruling in both the inner and outer margins.
Ásgeir Jónsson Chancery Sole
  • Initial: The main initials span ca. 4-5 lines and are decorated with bold lines and flourishing. Other initials span ca. 2 lines and are decorated by means of additional squiggles.
  • Paratext: The first rubric is emphasised by means of bolder letters. Other rubrics are distinct by means of kurrent script.
  • Other: There is bright red colouring on the edges.
  • A few names are underlined using reddish-brown crayon.
Ásgeir Jónsson probably wrote the codicological unit for Torfæus. The codicological unit was thus presumably written in Norway during the years 1690-1697 (Már Jónsson 2009, 290-291).
In 1712, Árni Magnússon recorded this codicological unit as part of a large folio-sized volume ("Torfæi Num. XIV"). After that manuscript had come into Árni Magnússon's possession, he rearranged the large codex. It is not certain how he obtained the large manuscript, but based on a note in AM 435 a 4to (fol. 7r) he owned it in 1720 (Kålund 1909, 71), which could mean that he bought it from Torfæus's widow that same year (Finnur Jónsson 1930, I.1:417).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms48.


AM 770 a 4to CU2 (1690-1697, Norway)
3. (9r-10v) Trifolium historicum (defective) Thormodus Torfæus Latin eadem ad Regem repatabant Note: The leaves form two fragments due to a lacuna of four leaves in the centre. The text on fol. 9r at the beginning of the fragment is crossed out with one horizontal stroke through the first line and a vertical stroke through all lines on that page. The beginning of a new chapter at the bottom of fol. 10v (line 23-34) is also crossed out by means of three vertical strokes.
Codex
Paper
2312 mm x 195 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam with the letters "AJ" underneath. The countermark consists of the letters "DI(?)". The details are:
  • Fol. 9: coat of arms (upside down)
  • Fol. 10: letters

There is contemporary pagination on fols. 9 (77-78) and fol. 10 (87-88).
There is one bifolium:
  • Quire I: fols. 9-10 (9+10) (1 bifolium) Note: The bifolium has been glued onto fol. 8v of the previous CU. The leaves were moreover glued onto each other, presumably because the bifolium was damaged. According to the pagination, the bifolium was part of a larger quire, where it formed the third bifolium from the centre.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in folio-format.
  • There are holes from overcast stitches in the inner margins of the leaves.
  • The edges of the leaves have been cut irregularly and they are rather dark with different kinds of stains.
  • Fols. 9r and 10v are dirtier and darker than the inner pages of the bifolium.
  • The edges have been repaired using Japanese paper.
  • There is a horizontal folding line in the middle of the leaves (matching the folding line found in AM 770 a 4to CU1).
The text is written in one column. 270 mm x 148 mm33-366-12Note: There is dry ruling in both the inner and outer margins.
Unknown Chancery Sole
Info: The scribe could possibly be Ásgeir Jónsson. However, the script appears to be slightly different from the first CU (especially the letter g). The crossed-out chapter on fol. 10v was written in smaller letters, but potentially by the same hand.
  • Initial: The present initials span ca. 1-2 lines, but are hardly decorated.
  • In the upper margin of fol. 9r, Árni Magnússon has written
    "Grænlendinga þattr"
    .
  • The scribe has made a few corrections to the text.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was presumably written in Norway and Már Jónsson dates them to the years 1690-1697 (Már Jónsson 2009, 290-291).
It is likely that Árni Magnússon owned the codicological unit after Torfæus. The former context is hitherto unknown.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


Codex
Paper
40Note: This physical description accounts for AM 770 b 4to CU3-5.

AM 770 b 4to is bound in a plain, rather thin cardboard binding. In the top left-hand corner of the front cover, the number
"770"
was written in black ink and later on, the letter
"b"
was added to it. On the spine, there are two stickers for the shelfmark and the running number. The pastedown in front is made from slightly greenish paper with a "NYEMØLLE" watermark. As pastedown in the back, the last preserved leaf of the final quire of AM 770 b 4to CU5 was used.
AM 770 b 4to CU3 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-4v) Om Grønland Peder Claussøn Icelandic Vm Grænland A daugum Hakonar Jarls Aptur til Noregs, At hỏlldnu skipi og gorse Af þessarj bök var miket burtu Rifet, Annars hefdj þar fundist meira vm Grænland vpteiknat. Note: Translation from Danish. Beginning only, including the annals.
Codex
Paper
4195 mm x 153 mm
The watermark is a house with a serpent on a stick on top (with a crown at the tip of the stick). The countermark consists of letters.
  • Fol. 1: house
  • Fol. 2: "blank"?
  • Fol. 3: serpent
  • Fol. 4: letters
The watermark on the surrounding AM-slip a is an unidentifiable countermark.

There is later foliation in blue crayon in the lower right-hand corners (1-5), also counting the second half of AM-slip a.
There are four singletons: 1, 2, 3, 4. Note: Fols. 1+4 and 2+3 have been joined, but do not originally belong together.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every verso-page except for the last one.
  • The leaves are in a rather rough condition. The paper is thin and dirty.
  • The edges are untrimmed and some of the corners are damaged, but no text is lost.
  • The leaves are dirtier towards the edges, and especially fol. 1r has darkened from dirt and stains.
  • One horizontal and two vertical folding lines indicate that the leaves were folded into eights.
  • Blank white paper was used for repair at the spine and in order to join the leaves.
  • The ink of the marginal additions bleeds through the paper.
The text is written in one column. 150 mm x 115 mm29-318-11
Unknown Kurrent Sole
There is no decoration.
  • There are notes and additions in the margins, presumably by Torfæus (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 190).
  • There are many underlinings using red crayon.
  • Both in the top right-hand corner of the first leaf of AM-slip a and fol. 1r, the number
    "779"
    was added in black ink. The same number is found in the top left-hand corner of the recto-side of AM-slip b. The first and last number are crossed out in red ink. Note: The numbers are older shelfmarks from the time when the leaves were incorrectly associated with AM 779 4to.
  • In the top right-hand corner of AM-slip b, the correct shelfmark (770) was written in black ink, but at some point changed to
    "776(?)"
    before it was crossed-out.

There are two AM-slips:
  • AM-slip a (193 mm x 153 mm) has the form of a bifolium and is located around the leaves. Árni Magnússon has written on the recto-side of the first leaf:
    "Dette indlagde er en lumpen translation af Peder Claussens Relation om grỏnland i hans Norges Beskrivelse. Thormod Torvesen (hand haver eiet dette samme Exemplar) haver giort alt for stort verk af denne charteqve, gronlandiæ suæ pag. 42. ligesom det var bedre Exemplar end de Danske Translationer, da det er langt verre et nullius plane authoritatis. Thormod hafde intet Exemplar paa Jislandsk, uden dette."
  • On the recto-side of the second leaf of AM-slip a (foliated "5"), the smaller AM-slip b (52 mm x 124 mm) is glued on. This slip reads in the hand of Árni Magnússon:
    "Gronlandica vetera Islandicè."
    Further down on the same slip he has added at a different occasion:
    "Kom fra Islandi, med minum bokum 1720."
The codicological unit was presumably written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 190).
Torfæus owned this codicological unit according to Árni Magnússon's notes (see accMat). Árni Magnússon owned the codicological unit afterwards and had it with him in Iceland.

Former Physical Context:
AM 770 b 4to CU4 (1651-1700, Iceland)
1. (6r-18v) Eiríks saga rauða Icelandic Hier hefur Søgu Þorfinns Karlsefnis Þördarsonar Olafur hiet herkongur, er kalladur var Olafur Hvite Kallzefni og Gudrijdr, þad er eckj er hier skräd. Related to AM 544 4to. Note: The lower half of fol. 18v is blank.
Codex
Paper
13205 mm x 165-170 mm
There are two different watermarks. The first watermark consists of several leaves on thin branches that form a large watermark. The second watermark is a large round watermark with a lily on top and letters in the double edge. The countermark consists of letters. The details are:
  • Fol. 6: "blank"
  • Fol. 7: "blank"
  • Fol. 8: smaller part of "leaves-watermark"
  • Fol. 9: smaller part of "leaves-watermark"
  • Fol. 10: larger part of "leaves-watermark"
  • Fol. 11: larger part of "leaves-watermark"
  • Fol. 12: "blank"
  • Fol. 13: "blank"
  • Fol. 14: round watermark (bottom)
  • Fol. 15: letters
  • Fol. 16: round watermark (bottom)
  • Fol. 17: letters(?)
  • Fol. 18: round watermark (top)

There is later foliation in blue crayon in the lower right-hand corners continuing from the previous CU (6-18).
There are two quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 6-13 (6+13, 7+12, 8+11, 9+10) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire II: fols. 14-18 (14+18, 15+17, 16) (2 bifolia, 1 singleton) Note: Fol. 16 is a singleton at the centre of the quire. There is no text missing.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The paper is thin and the leaves are rather dirty.
  • The top and fore-edges are partially untrimmed, partially cut irregularly, and show discoloration.
  • Fol. 6r and 18v are darker and more stained than the rest of the leaves. Note: Since the pages of the opening at the central quire boundary is not as dark, fols. 6r and 18v may have been located at the beginning and end of the original manuscript.
The text is written in one column. 170 mm x 130 mm29-308-11Note: The is dry ruling in the inner and outer margins.
Unknown Kurrent Sole
Info: A few passages and some names were written in chancery script.
  • Initial: The first initial spans 3-4 lines, but is hardly decorated. Other initials span ca. 2 lines.
  • Paratext: The rubric and first line of the text are written in decorative chancery script.
  • Other: There are two short horizontal lines at the end of the text on fol. 18.
  • A contemporary hand has added detailed variant reading to the outer margins.
  • A later hand has added in the top right-hand corner of fol. 6r:
    "þessi er sama saga og hin firri"
    .
  • In the top left-hand corner of fol. 6r, a shelfmark was written and corrected at least once. The original shelfmark is possibly
    "770b"
    , which was changed to
    "779a"
    at some point. Note: Like AM 770 b 4to CU1, this CU was incorrectly associated with AM 779 4to for some time.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was presumably written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the end of the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 190).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon acquired this codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 770 b 4to CU5 (1675-1725, Iceland)
1. (19r-40r) Eiríks saga rauða Icelandic Hier hefst Saga af Eiriki Rauda Oleiafur hier herkonungur Karlssonar fadir Ingvølldur modur Brands biskups hins firra, og likur hier sogu þessari. Related to AM 557 4to. Note: The lower half of fol. 40r and all of fol. 40v are blank.
Codex
Paper
22205 mm x 165 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam with the letters "AJ" underneath. The countermark consists of two letters ("DP"?). The details are:
  • Fol. 19: letters
  • Fol. 20: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 21: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 22: letters
  • Fol. 23: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 24: letters
  • Fol. 25: letters
  • Fol. 26: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 27: letters
  • Fol. 28: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 29: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 30: letters
  • Fol. 31: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 32: letters
  • Fol. 33: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 34: letters
  • Fol. 35: letters
  • Fol. 36: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 37: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 38: letters
  • Fol. 39: letters
  • Fol. 40: coat of arms (top)

There is later foliation in blue crayon in the lower right-hand corners continuing from the previous CUs 19-40.
There are two quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 19-30 (19+30, 20+29, 21+28, 22+27, 23+26, 24+25) (6 bifolia)
  • Quire II: fols. 31-40 (31, 32+[pastedown], 33+40, 34+39, 35+38, 36+37) (1 singleton, 5 bifolia) Note: The counterpart of fol. 32 was used as pastedown in the back cover. The counterpart of fol. 31 is missing.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The top and fore-edge are untrimmed and show discoloration.
  • The margins are somewhat dirty and stained.
  • At the quire boundaries, the leaves are dirtier than inside the quire, and fol. 19r is much darker than fols. 30v-31r.
The text is written in one column. 170-175 mm x 130-140 mm18-215-11
Unknown Chancery Sole
  • Initial: The initials are written slightly larger than the other letters (2-3 lines) and are occasionally emphasised by means of bolder strokes, at times decorated with additional squiggles and loops.
  • There many additions and corrections both in the margins and the text itself. The variants are partly in the hand of Árni Magnússon.
  • In the top right-hand corner of fol. 19r, Árni Magnússon has written:
    "er miỏg o correct."
  • In the top left-hand corner of fol. 19r, the shelfmark was written in black ink and corrected at least once. First, the number may have been
    "779"
    , and reads now
    "770b."
    Note: Like the previous two CUs, the different shelfmarks go back to an incorrect association of this CU with AM 779 4to.

An AM-slip (130 mm x 78 mm) is attached to the lower margin of fol. 24r. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"Ex Biorni de Scardzä Gronlandia."
A later hand, possibly Kristian Kålund, has written in pencil at the bottom of the slip:
"AM 770 b III, 4to ??"
, indicating that this slip may be misplaced.
The codicological unit was presumably written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to ca. 1700 (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 190).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
Codex
Paper
i, 6, iNote: This physical description accounts for AM 770 c α 4to CU6 - AM 770 c γ 4to CU8.

The binding is a modern half binding in folio-format with fabric on the boards. It was made by Birgitte Dall in 1970 when the former c-volume was split up in two volumes.
AM 770 c α 4to CU6 (1550-1599, Denmark)
1. (1r-1v) Tilbud fra Peder Hvitfeldt og Christoffer Walkendorff angående Grønlands genopdagelse Danish [no rubric] [?] haffuer kongelige ma[..] [..] och tiillade att Jeg peder Hvitffelde mett Chrestoffer Walkendorpe att bruge som fforre siiger Note: Draft or early copy of the original. Fol. 2 is blank.
Codex
Paper
2295 mm x 195 mm
The watermark is a hand with a star on top. There is no countermark visible. The details are:
  • Fol. 1: hand
  • Fol. 2: "blank"

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corners (1-2).
There is one bifolium (1+2).
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in folio-format.
  • The edges are untrimmed.
  • There are several folding lines, indicating that the leaves were folded in two different ways at different points. One set of folding lines was used to fold the leaves into quarters (one horizontal and one vertical folding line crossing in the middle of the leaves). The other set of folding lines suggests that the leaves were folded into letter size.
  • The verso-side of fol. 2v is partially dirtier than the rest of the leaves, which is in accordance with the latter set of folding lines.
The text is written in one column. 225 mm x 145 mm5-258-9
Unknown Hybrida Sole
  • Initial: The first initial spans ca. five lines and is slightly bolder than the other letters.
  • Frieze: There is a small tailpiece at the end of the text on fol. 1v.
  • In the centre of fol. 2v, the number
    "770 c."
    was added in black ink. Note: This shelfmark is located in such a way that it is found in the upper left-hand corner, when the leaves are folded into quarters.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was probably written in Denmark. Kålund dates it to the second half of the sixteenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c β 4to CU7 (1631-1699, Denmark)
2. (3r-4v) Christian IV's tilladelse for J. og G. Bram til handel på den grønlandske insul Christiansberg Danish [no rubric] Giöre alle Vitterligt, at Hafn: 16octobr:1631 Note: This is a copy of the original.
Codex
Paper
2319 mm x 205 mm
There is a large watermark with a decoration double edge and a lily on top. Underneath, the letters "AJ" can be seen. The countermark consists of the letters "CDC". The details are:
  • Fol. 3: round watermark
  • Fol. 4: letters

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom left-hand corners (3-4).
There is one bifolium (3+4).
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in folio-format.
  • The leaves are slightly dirty, mostly close to the edges.
  • There are several stains of ink.
  • There are several folding lines indicating that the leaves were folded into quarters at some point, but in a different manner (possibly as a letter) at a different time.
  • Fol. 4v is somewhat dirty around the folding lines for quarters, indicating that the lower half of this page used to be at the outside of the folded leaves.
The text is written in one column. 245 mm x 180 mm257-9
Unknown Kurrent Sole
Info: A few words were written in humanist cursiva.
  • Initial: The first initial spans ca. 3 lines.
  • Other: On top of fol. 3r, the king's initial "C4" is written.
  • Close to the middle of fol. 4v, a later hand has added:
    "Johan og Godert Bram Privilegium paa enn Bay(?) j den Grönlandske Insul. den 16 Octobr. 1631."
    The words are located in such a way that they appear on top of the paper, when the leaves are folded into quarters with this part on the outside.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was probably written in Denmark. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191), but it cannot be older than 1631, when the original was written.
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c γ 4to CU8 (1675-1725, Denmark)
3. (5r-6v) De præadamitis Latin Auctor Exercitationes de Præadamitis; in Systemate Theologici ex Præadamitarum Hypothesi. Parte 1. Lib. IV. Cap.14. Hugo Grotus dessertationem ornauerat ex Noachi nepotibus fuisse oriundas. Note: Excerpts. Most of fol. 6v is blank.
Codex
Paper
2330 mm x 210 mm
The watermark is a large coat of arms of Amsterdam with letters ("VI"?) underneath. The details are:
  • Fol. 5: coat of arms
  • Fol. 6: coat of arms

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corners (5-6).
There are two singletons (5, 6).
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in folio-format.
  • The edges are untrimmed and partially dirty.
  • There are many small stains (from mold?) in the upper half of fol. 5r, which is also dirtier than the other leaves.
  • There are several folding lines indicating that the leaves were folded into quarters at some point, but in another manner (possibly as a letter) at a different time.
  • Fol. 6v is slightly dirtier around the folding lines, indicating that this leaf used to be at the outside when the leaves were folded into quarters.
The text is written in one column. 270-290 mm x 170-180 mm38-5610-13Note: There is dry ruling in the outer margins.
Unknown Hum cursiva Minor
Info: An unidentified scribe wrote fols. 5r:1-5v:4.
Árni Magnússon Hum cursiva Major
Info: Árni Magnússon wrote the rubric on fol. 5r, and fols. 5v:5-6v:5.
  • Initial: The first initial spans ca. 2-3 lines and is slightly more elaborated than the other letters.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was probably written in Denmark. Kålund dates it to ca. 1700 (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191).
It is unknown under which circumstances the codicological unit was produced. Its first known owner is Árni Magnússon.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


Codex
Paper
i, 43, iNote: This physical description accounts for AM 770 c δ 4to CU9 - AM 770 c θ 4to CU15.

The binding is a modern half binding in 4to-format with fabric on the boards. It was made by Birgitte Dall in 1970 when the former c-volume was split up into two volumes.

There are three AM-slips attached in front of the manuscript. Note: Kålund associates them with AM 770 c δ 4to CU9 (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191) and has also written the identification on the slips.
  • On AM-slip a (162 mm x 105 mm) Árni Magnússon has written:
    "Kiỏbt paa Etats Raad Rostgaardz auction, i en fasciculo, Num. Manuscriptorum 604."
    The watermark on this slip is part of a large round watermark. The chain-lines run vertically and are rather narrow (ca. 20 mm apart), but are difficult to see.
  • On AM-slip b (164 mm x 105 mm) Árni Magnússon has written:
    "Jacob alday Bestalling, at besøge Grỏnland med tvende Kongens Skibe, dat. 21. Martii 1579. haver ieg seet i Cancellie=bøgerne."
    Part of the countermark of the watermark is visible. It reads: "HAIX". There are clear chain line running vertically (26-28 mm apart).
  • On AM-slip c (163 mm x 105 mm) Árni Magnússon has written:
    "Hans Lindenow var Slotzherre i Bergen 1578-85. den 27. Sept. faldt ind paa en Sỏndag. 1579."
    There is no watermark visible, but clear horizontal chain-lines (23 mm apart).
  • A loose slip is located in front of the manuscript. A modern hand has written in pencil on it:
    "Del i to bind"
    and another hand has added
    "(1970)"
    underneath.
AM 770 c δ 4to CU9 (1575-1625, Denmark)
4. (1r-5v) Dagbog over Jakob Aldays Grønlandsrejse 1579 Danish [no rubric] Item then 9 dag Julij være loffuet ij al Ewighed Amen.
Codex
Paper
5210 mm x 140-155 mm
The watermark is a bear with a tongue and a collar. There is no countermark. The details are:
  • Fol. 1: bear (full image)
  • Fol. 2: bear (upper part)
  • fol. 3: "blank"
  • fol. 4: "blank"
  • Fol. 5: bear (lower part)
  • Fol. 6: "bank" (but conjoint with fol. 1)

There is later foliation in purple in the bottom right-hand corners (1-6).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-6 (1+6, 2+5, 3+4) (3 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The size of the leaves is irregular.
  • The edges are untrimmed, discoloured and show traces of tear and wear.
  • There is a large stain (from mud) visible on both fols. 1r and 2r.
  • There is a horizontal folding line in the middle of the leaves, indicating that fol. 6v was on the outside when the leaves were folded in half.
  • Fols. 5-6 have been repaired at the fore-edge using Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 180 mm x 125 mm22-238-10
Unknown Hybrida Sole
There is no decoration.
  • On fol. 6v, close to the spine, a later hand has added
    "770c."
    in black ink. Note: The number is located in such a way, that it appears in the top left-hand corner, when the leaves are folded in half.
(see above)
The codicological unit was probably written in Denmark. Kålund dates it to ca. 1600 (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191).
AM-slip a suggests that Árni Magnússon bought the codicological unit at Rostgaard's auction as part of number 604 (see above). However, it is not listed as part of that number in the auction catalogue (Kålund 1909, 101).

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c ε 4to CU10 (1601-1700, Iceland)
5. (1v:1-3r:3) Eiríks saga rauða Icelandic Af Eireki Rauda Þorvalldur hiet madur, son Asvalldz og hiellst þar þadan af kristenndomur. Note: Begins in chapter 2. Fol. 1r contains 14 lines of excerpts from Landnámabók. The lines were crossed out and pasted over. 6. (3r:4-5r:4) On Greenland Icelandic Eitt annad Annal Eyrikur hinn Raudj för af Islandi til Grænlandz var þa til hofdingin tekinn af landz monnum. Note: On Eiríkur rauði, the settlement in Greenland and some geographical aspects. 7. (5r:5-7r:10) Eiríks saga rauða (summary) Af Þorbirne Kallz efni Þorbiorn hiet madurog kalladur kallzefni hielldu þeir þadann til haloga landz. Note: The last two pages contain notes on Greenland-related matters. Fol. 7v contains a fragment of 11 lines of a text on Greenland. The lines were crossed out and pasted over.
Codex
Paper
7160 mm x 100 mm
The watermark is a large foolscap in a collar with four (or five?) bells. The details are (as far as visible):
  • Fol. 1: [no watermark visible]
  • Fol. 2: foolscap (lower part; cross)
  • Fol. 3: foolscap (upper part; back)
  • Fol. 4: ?
  • Fol. 5: foolscap (upper part; front)
  • Fol. 6: ?
  • Fol. 7: ?
The watermark of the additional leaves is a coat of arms, of which the upper part is visible (mostly on the leaf in front, continuing on the leaf in the back).

There is contemporary pagination in the bottom margin of the pages (9-20).There is later foliation in purple in the top outer corners (1-7). Note: This foliation was made, when the stub leaves were still attached to the additional outer leaves. Therefore, after the leaves were detached, the stubs were foliated "1" and "7"(in pencil) and the additional leaves called "(1)" and "(7)".
There are two quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-4 (1+4, 2+3) (2 bifolia) Note: The leaves are all singletons, but were rejoined in the original way.
  • Quire II: fol. 5-7 (5, 6+7) (1 singleton, 1 bifolium) Note: The leaves are all singletons, but fol. 6+7 have been rejoined. Moreover, the additional leaf in the back was connected with fol. 6, in order to provide better sewing support.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on all verso-sides, except for fol. 2v.
  • The leaves are in 8vo-format.
  • The leaves have darkened considerably with dirt and stains.
  • Fols. 1r and 4v-5r are darker, as they are located at original quire boundaries.
  • All leaves have been repaired close to the spine (using Japanese paper) and partially also on the edges.
  • Fol. 1 and 7 are only stubs of circa half a leaf. Their respective recto- and verso-page have been crossed out. Moreover, they were glued onto two additional full-sized leaves, so that the crossed-out text could not be read. The leaves are now detached, and the additional leaves are kept in the manuscript and are still found in the front and back of the CU.
  • There are stitching holes in the inner margin of the first additional leaf.
The text is written in one column. 135 mm x 80 mm23-267-9
Bjarni Jónsson Hybrida Sole
  • Initial: There are large initials corresponding to ca. 8-9 lines. The initials are intricately decorated with floral ornaments and additional lines.
  • Two white leaves were added to the outside of the CU. The two leaf stubs 1 and 7 were glued onto their inner sides. From the common watermark and an additional line in pencil that runs horizontally over both leaves, it can be seen, that they used to form a bifolium. This bifolium surrounded the CU like a jacket.
  • There are red underlinings in the crossed-out text on fol. 1r.
  • The shelfmark
    "770c"
    was added at two different occasions to the recto- and verso-side of the first additional leaf. A modern hand has also added the Greek letter "ε" to the recto-side.

A modern slip (100 mm x 147 mm) of yellowish paper is located in front of the CU. A later hand has written on it:
"Á fremstu bls. má sjá setr. úr kaflanum um Geirmund, sbr. Papp. fol. nr. 64, bls. ? ender á orðunum:
þeir Þorarinn krokur ur krokafirdi og Steinolfur hinn
Vid niðurlagið má læika sjá orð úr frh. í Papp: fol. nr. 64, endar: "first heiman til Hialltlands, hvat(?) þeir "
The codicological unit was probably written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191).
It is hitherto unknown when of from whom Árni Magnússon obtained this codicological unit. At one point in time, it used to be part of a larger manuscript.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c ζ 4to CU11 (1702-1730, Iceland/Denmark)
8. (1r-1v) Kirkiur ä Grænlandi Icelandic Kirkiur ä Grænlandi 1. Heriolfsnes er i Anavik i Rangafirde Note: A list of churches in Greenland.
Codex
Paper
1165 mm x 105 mm
There is no watermark visible, only chain-lines.

There is no foliation.
There is one singleton.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in 8vo-format.
  • The leaf is rather dirty with several stains.
  • There is a larger dark stain in the lower left-hand corner of fol. 1r.
  • The edges are partially repaired using Japanese paper. The original edges are untrimmed.
  • The grey ink bleeds strongly through the paper.
The text is written in one column. 140 mm x 9 mm9-151-5
Árni Magnússon Kurrent Sole
There is no decoration.
  • Árni Magnússon has written on top of fol. 1r:
    "Ex chartâ qvadam, in Islandiâ exscriptum 1702."
    This note is underlined and there is a sign for an addition to the note, the text of which is located on fol. 1v at the end of the text. The addition to the note reads:
    "Annotatum erat in margine Landnamæ Sigurdar ä Feriu"
    .
  • The Greek letter
    "ζ"
    was added in pencil to both the right and left upper corner of fol. 1r.
There is no additional material.
Árni Magnússon wrote the codicological unit either in Iceland or Denmark. Kålund dates it to the beginning of the eighteenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 191).
Árni Magnússon wrote the leaf for himself.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c η 4to CU12 (1700-1730, Iceland/Norway/Denmark)
1. (1r-1v) Torfæus's account on the killing of Otti Axelson Icelandic [no rubric] Anno 1671. sendti Christianus V Otta Axelson skipherra ut hann attaqverad og i senk skotid. Note: Fol. 2 is blank.
Codex
Paper
2164 mm x 105 mm
There is no watermark visible, only chain-lines.

There is no foliation.
There is one bifolium: [1]+[2].
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in 8vo-format.
  • The leaves are somewhat dirty around the edges.
  • The edges are untrimmed.
  • The paper is presumably the same as in AM 770 c ζ 4to, but the text was written in brown ink in stead of grey ink as the previous text.
  • The brown ink bleeds slightly through the paper.
The text is written in one column. 163 mm x 105 mm13-143-5
Árni Magnússon Kurrent Sole
There is no decoration.
  • At the end of the text, Árni Magnússon has written: "Relatio Þormodar Torfasonar."
  • The shelfmark
    "770c."
    was added in blank ink int the upper left-hand corner. A later hand has added the Greek letter
    "η"
    using pencil.
There is no additional material.
Árni Magnússon wrote the codicological unit either in Iceland, Norway or Denmark. Kålund dates it to the beginning of the eighteenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 2: 192).
Árni Magnússon wrote the leaf for himself.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c θ 4to CU13 (1682-1730, Iceland/Denmark)
1. (1v-1v) Notes and excerpts on Greenland Icelandic, Latin [no rubric] Anno 1000 Rex Olaus Tryggvonius var þa rattat skatti þeirra Note: Fol. 1r is mostly blank except for the title "Gronlandica."
Codex
Paper
1210 mm x 161 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam with the letters "HC" underneath. Only the lower part is visible. Note: The watermark part is located at the outer edge, indicating that the leaf used to be reversed.

There is no foliation.
There is one singleton.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaf used to be folded in half, forming a bifolium in 8vo-format. There is a strong horizontal folding line indicating the folding.
  • The lower half of fol. 1r is much darker than the upper half, suggesting that this part of the bifolium used to at the outside of a larger manuscript.
  • The brown ink bleeds slightly through the paper.
  • The top and bottom edges are untrimmed. The current fore-edge used to be located at the spine when the leaf was still together with its second half (see watermark).
  • The leaf was severely damaged at the folding line and was repaired using Japanese paper. Around the edges there are a few smaller repairs as well.
The text is written in one column. 170 mm x 150 mm18-194-9
Árni Magnússon Mixed Sole
Info: Árni Magnússon wrote the notes and excerpts at different times. The part in Latin is written in humanist cursiva script, while the parts in Icelandic were written in kurrent script.
There is no decoration.
  • Árni Magnússon has written
    "Gronlandica."
    in the lower half of the current fol. 1r. The writing is close to the fore-edge and runs perpendicularly, so that the title can be read when the leaf is folded along the central folding line and the lower half of the leaf is in front. Note: The leaf may have been used as a kind of jacket around the leaves of AM 770 c θ 4to CU14, but the currently upper part of the leaf was possibly not located in the very end of the manuscript (or not for long), since it is much cleaner.
  • A later hand has added the Greek letter
    "θ"
    next to the word
    "Gronlandica"
    on fol. 1r.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written either in Iceland or Denmark. Since Árni Magnússon is responsible for the codicological unit, it was written ca. 1682-1730.
Árni Magnússon wrote the leaf for himself.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c θ 4to CU14 (1631-1730, Iceland/Denmark and England)
10. (1r-24v) Notes and excerpts related to Greenland and books about Greenland. Icelandic, Latin, English, German [no rubric] Friderich Martens Spitzbergische oder Groenlandische et Mappa eam repksentat þ Buseæus in grỏnlandica súa. Note: There are many blank verso-pages. Fol. 15 is a printed-on leaf.
Codex
Paper
25122-165 mm x 62-105 mm
There are many different watermarks. The details are:
  • Fol. 1: "blank"
  • Fol. 2: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of crown)
  • Fol. 3: "blank"?
  • Fol. 4: Maid of Dort (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 5: Maid of Dort (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 6: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of crown)
  • Fol. 7: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 8: large round coat of arms with crown on top (part of crown)
  • Fol. 9: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 10: letters
  • Fol. 11: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 12: letters
  • Fol. 13: countermark (one letter)
  • Fol. 14: "blank"
  • Fol. 15: "blank"
  • Fol. 16: [unidentifiable large watermark]
  • Fol. 16bis: [unidentifiable large watermark]
  • Fol. 17: "blank"
  • Fol. 18: "blank"
  • Fol. 19: "blank"
  • Fol. 20: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 21: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of bottom)
  • Fol. 22: "blank"
  • Fol. 23: "blank"
  • Fol. 24: coat of arms of Amsterdam (part of top) [on the outer edge!]

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corner (1-24). The foliation "16bis" was added later, but also in pencil.
Today, there are four quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-8 (1, 2, 3, 4+5, 6, 7, 8) (6 singletons, 1 bifolium) Note: The singletons have been joined into 3 bifolia.
  • Quire II: fols. 9-14 (9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14) (6 singletons) Note: The leaves have been joined into 3 bifolia.
  • Quire III: Fols. 15-18 (15, 16+16bis, 17, 18) (3 singletons, 1 bifolium) Note: Both fols. 17 and 18 are glued onto fol. 15.
  • Quire IV: Fol. 19-24 (19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24) (6 singletons) Note: The leaves have been joined into 3 bifolia.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • Some of the leaves are made from wastepaper.
  • Most leaves are untrimmed and some of the edges are rather dirty.
  • The leaves are in 8vo-format.
The text is written in one column. 30-50 mm x 90-130 mm3-151-6Note: The writing on fols. 14 and 15 runs perpendicularly.
Árni Magnússon Kurrent Major
There is no decoration.
  • Fol. 15 is an added printed leaf.
  • There are many additions and comments by Árni Magnússon, mostly in Latin.
  • Fols. 16-24 used to be located in Addit. 39 4to. Their former location is indicated in a note in pencil on top of fol. 16r.
There is no additional material.
The leaves were mostly written in Iceland or Denmark and England. The sections were written ca. 1631-1730 (see fol. 4r).
It is not known how or when the leaves that are not in Árni Magnússon's hand came into his possession. Fols. 16-24 were for some time part of Add 39 4to. In 1894 when the second part of the catalogue was published, it had been joined with the rest of AM 770 c 4to.

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


AM 770 c θ 4to CU15 (1682-1730, Iceland/Denmark)
1. (25r-26v) Table of contents over a work on Greenland (defective) Icelandic [no rubric] Begins: Cap. 7. de Tabula geographica gronladice cum Nomenclatone Gronladico. Note: Beginning is missing. The lower half of fol. 16v is blank.
Codex
Paper
2208 mm x 162 mm
Of the watermark, only the writing "Me BONNAU" is visible.

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corners (25-26), which is the continuation of foliation in the previous CU.
There is one bifolium.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are very dark and have suffered from mold. Especially fol. 25r is discoloured.
  • The edges are untrimmed.
  • There are a few ink stains.
  • The bottom edge of the leaves has been repaired using Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 180 mm x 135 mm16-173-6
Árni Magnússon Kurrent Major
Info: Árni Magnússon wrote fols. 25r:1-26r:9 and 26v:6-7.
Unknown Hum cursiva Minor
Info: Presumably one of his scribes wrote the rest.
There is no decoration.
  • A later hand has added on top of fol. 25r:
    "con Schacht; Grönl. Collectiones (AM 364,fol.)"
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written either in Iceland or Denmark. Since Árni Magnússon is responsible for the codicological unit, it was written ca. 1682-1730.
This codicological unit was for some time part of Add 39 4to. In 1894, when the second part of the catalogue was published, it had been joined with the rest of AM 770 c 4to (see also above).

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


Last update: 2015.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00