Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 410 4to
AM 410 4to
Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík
This manuscript consists of 2 parts.
Codex
Paper
ii, 100, ii202 mm x 156 mm
The watermark of the second front flyleaf (in between the AM-slips and the text block) and the first back flyleaf is a large coat of arms of Amsterdam. Note: The same watermark is found on the added bifolium in AM 606 g 4to.
The watermark of the second back flyleaf is probably part of a countermark ("L"?). The first front flyleaf may be of the same paper. Note: Both outermost flyleaves form bifolia with the respective pastedown.
The AM-slips 1 and 2 do not show any watermarks. Note: On top of the second front flyleaf's recto-side, there are remnants of old glue, smaller than the leaf is wide. It is possible that the current AM-slip 2 used to be glued on there, but since it is now attached to the first flyleaf, this cannot be known for sure.
The AM-slips 3 and 4 show different foolscap watermarks, while AM-slip 5 shows parts of letters, but the watermark cannot be determined.


The manuscript is bound in a full parchment binding with parchment strips laced through the spine fold, presumably dating to Árni Magnússon's time. The parchment shows traces of having been used to cover another binding before, probably for a folio-manuscript. On the spine, there is a sticker for the shelfmark and a lighter stain where the sticker for the running number used to be. The pastedowns are made from plain white paper. On the inside of the front board, there is writing from different periods. On top, there is writing in thin brown ink:
"1300 maa conf. med (B?)rig. af C. for deraf at see hvorledis IIII 28. (trl?) (er?) kommet til H. Johannis glöd."
There is moreover writing in pencil (in Danish), which dates later than when the small slip with the shelfmark (written by Kålund) was glued onto the inside of the board, since this writing continues onto the shelfmark slip.
There are five AM-slips in front of the manuscript:
  • AM-slip 1 ("I") (200 mm x 147 mm) is glued onto the recto-side of the first front flyleaf (close to the spine). It reads in the hand of Árni Magnússon:
    "þessa Annala liede mier Arna Magnussyne 1712. in Octobri Monsieur Þormodur Torfason. Voru þeir þä innbundner framanvid Annala Biỏrns ä Skardzä. Enn eg hefi þä läted innbinda sier i lage, so setter yrde inter libros antiqvos, hellst þar hanns hustru ädröst, ad eckj munde þä i bräde aptur heimta.
    Hỏndenn ä þessum annälum er (ef eg ecki villest) skrifara eins herra Þorlaks Skulasonar biskups ä Holum, sem annalana, ï þann mäta, hefur Copiera läted epter ỏdru elldra Exemplare. verte
    1715. gaf Monsieur Þormodar Torfasonar kiærasta mier þessa annala, og sendte mier in Originali þad revers sem eg þar uppä gefed hafde þann 13. octobris 1712. Er so bokinn nu min.
    Kiỏbenhavn. 1 maii 1715. A Magnusson."
  • AM-slip 2 ("II") (159 mm x 101 mm), also in the hand of Árni Magnússon, is fully glued onto the recto-side of the first front flyleaf. It reads:
    "Mig minner eg hafi haft nordan ur landi annala Excerpta nockur litelvæg, sem eg mun sidan eydilagt hafa. þad er vist af annotatione minni framan ä Sera Hiallta Copiu, ad eg .2. exemplaria chartacea (vond eda god) hier vid confererad hafi.
    þar urkynni þau loca tekin vera i þessu differentiis, sem eg nu hvergi finn hvadan tekin sieu.
    vide præterea horum Annalium anni 1290-92. "
  • AM-slip 3 ("III") (192 mm x 131 mm) is glued onto the verso-side of the first front flyleaf. It reads in Árni Magnússon's hand:
    "Þesser Annalar eru (sem mier virdest) riett hiner sỏmu, sem standa in membranâ Regia in 4to. og eg ä Copie af med hendi Asgeirs in folio. þegar aptur ä þa sæker, eru aukar res gestæ annorum med fäeinum tilburdum cuiusvis anni, og epter 1310. verda þesser aller ỏdruvis og eru þar longè locupletiones. Þesser munu skrifader vera ex veteri Exemplari, sem ä fyrm timum hefur ritad vered epter nefndum Annalibus regiis in 4to og med þad sama interpolerad. vide mitt folium membraneum, sem ur þessum Annalum."
  • AM-slip 4 ("IV-V") is a bifolium (192 mm x 153 mm), which is attached to the verso-side of the first front leaf (close to the spine). Árni Magnússon has written on the four pages:
    "Ur þessum Annalum skrifadi Sera Hiallte Þorsteinsson, þa hann var i Kaupenhafn, fyrer mig, eitt Exemplar, sem byriadest ä anno 810. og hliop yfir eitt og annad usqve in anno 1000. sidan var þad fullkomin Copia hier af, ut til endans.
    þad sama exemplar vard mier önytt epter þad þetta eignadizt. þad var og vitiosè skrifad, og villde eg eigi, ad þad nockurn sidan villa skylldi Reif eg þad þvi i sundur 1724. var in folio, og hafde eg þad þö fyrrum innbinda läted.
    A marginibus þessa Exemplaris, med hendi Sera Hiallta hafde eg nockru sidar annoterad i nockrum stỏdum, eige allfäum, nockrar differentias ur ỏdrum Exemplaribus, og skrifad framanä þetta Sera Hiallta Exemplar ad þær differentiæ være teknar: ex binis ejusdem generis (sem þetta er) Annalibus chartaceis, enn hafde þetta eigi distinctius þar annoterad.
    Flestar af þessum differentiis voru manifestè teknar ur þvi excerpto Skalholltz annals hins forna, sem Sera Jon Eigilsson i Holum hefur giỏrt 1601. Confereradi eg þetta, adur enn þessa Sera Hiallta Copiu i sundur tok, og eydilagde med þad sama fyrrskrifad Excerptum Sera Jons Skiede þetta 1724.
    Arenu sidar 1725. confereradi eg ä ny, þessar differentias ad sem noteradar voru ä Exemplarenu med hende Sera Hiallta, vid Skalholltz annal hinn forna (ur hverium Sera Jon sin Excerpta giỏrt hafde) og finnast þær allar i sỏgdum annal, ad fräteknum þessum epterfylgiande:
    ad ann. 984. kirkiugiord Þorvardar Spak bỏdvars sonar i Laufasi. þetta sidsta finn eg hvergi, er og oriett. þvi þad var i Asi i Hialltadal.
    ad ann. 1008. veginn Styr magur Snorra goda under Stadarhrauni. þetta finn eg og hvergi. ætla og oriett vera. þvi Styr var drepinn a Jỏrfa i Flysiuhverfi.
    ad ann. 1183. ofara sumar mikit. þa tynduzt af hafskipum 500. mannz.
    ad ann. 1289. Fiolmennt þing i Nidarosi. þesse ord: mikit og Fiolmennt finn eg hvergi. veit eg svo ecki hvert Sera Jon hafe þau af libertate exscribendi tillagt, eda og þau sieu tekin ur einhveriu ỏdru pappirs exemplare, sem eg hafi haft, og nu sie fortært. þvi Sera Jons Exemplar er eydilagt, sem adr er sagt.
    ad ann. 1191. Vatnavỏxtur mikill i Frans. þesse 3. ord finn eg nu hvergi. þau kunna varla komin vera af libertate exscribendi Sera Jons. Eru þau so tekin ur einhveriu ỏdru pappirs Exemplare.
    ad ann. 1288. Bæiarbruni i Biorgvin. vigdr Þordr biskup til Grænlandz. Hvadan þad fyrsta hier af sie tekid, veit eg nu eigi. Eg kynni þeinkia, ad þad være ur Excerpto Sera Jons, og hefdi hann skakt tillited. fared ära villt, og misskrifad. þvi sidarst in anno 1287. stendur i Skalholltz annal Bæiarbruni i Tunsbergi. Um Bæiarbrunann i Biorgvin finn eg hier hvergi. Scripsi mense Decembri 1725."
    Note: The edges of AM-slip 4 have light red colouring on the edges. Since the rest of the manuscript shows blue colouring, the material of this AM-slip may stem from originally blank leaves in another manuscript.
  • AM-slip 5 ("VI-VII") (162 mm x 106 mm) is a bifolium in 8vo, which is glued onto the previous AM-slip (onto the second leaf's verso-side, close to the fold). Árni Magnússon has written on it:
    "1292. utkoma Jorundar biskups [med pavabref og Erkibiskups] utkoma [Herra] Þordar Hallz sonar og Herra Christofori Vilhialmssonar med brefum [Eiriks konungs] at leikmenn skylldu taka Standi alla og kirkiueigner, so sem verid hefdi ädur Jsland kom under Norex konungs valld. [häfast þa ad nyu Stadamäl. Settizt Sigurdr ä Mỏdruvelli i Hỏrgardal.] Sigurdur Gudmundarson legifer.
    þetta sem ä fyrri bladsidunni stendur hefi eg, og underskrifad er, in parenthesi, hafdi eg annoterad in margine þeirrar Copiu, er Sera Hiallti i Vatzfirdi hafdi, fordum, i Kaupenhafn, skrifad fyrir mig, epter þessarre Þormodar bok, hvert Exemplar eg sidan i sundrreif i 1724. Eg finn nu eigi, ur hvada annal þetta mune tekid vera.
    þad sem er tvikstrikad under, er tekid ur Excerpto ur Skalholltz annal forna, er giỏrt hefur Sera Jon Eigilsson i Holum.
    hitt finn eg hvergi. þad var og af mier ritad in margine Copiu Sera Hiallta, med ỏdru bleki, svartara miklu enn hinar adrar variationes voru med skrifadar, er eg annoterad hafdi ur Excerpto Sera Jons. Er þad svo tekid ur einhverium ỏdrum stad.
    Med sama svarta blekenu hafi eg og ä Copiu Sera Hiallta annoterad sidarst in anno 1290. utkoma Erlendz [lỏgmanns] og veitter vestfirder.
    þetta Lỏgmannz mä sỏmuleides vera tekid ur einhveriu ỏdru Exemplare enn Excerpto Sera Jons."
AM 410 4to CU1 (1630-1650, Iceland)
1. (1r-8v) Historia universalis Latin Incipit libellus continens aliqva contingentia ä tempore Julij Cæsaris, usqve ad annum qvintum Imperij Friderici primi Romanum Incipit Imperium supervixit alio diebus iiij Copy of GKS 2087 4to. Note: From Julius Ceasar until 388 AD. 2. (9r-23r) Annáll Latin Actor ex Cronicis Ab initio Mundi ad Nativitatem annuatim dedicavit Copy of GKS 2087 4to. Note: From Julius Caesar until 636 AD. 3. (23v-24v) Historia universalis Latin [no rubric] Anno Domini cccxci. Augustinus a Manichęorum Primo Anno Marciani Copy of GKS 2087 4to. Note: From 391 until 453 AD.
Codex
Paper
24202 mm x 156 mm
The watermark is a double-lined cross with a crown on top and an oval shape over layering the cross. There is no countermark visible. The details are:
  • Fol. 1: "blank"
  • Fol. 2: "blank"
  • Fol. 3: top
  • Fol. 4: top
  • Fol. 5: bottom
  • Fol. 6: bottom
  • Fol. 7: "blank"
  • Fol. 8: "blank"
  • Fol. 9: bottom
  • Fol. 10: "blank"
  • Fol. 11: top
  • Fol. 12: "blank"
  • Fol. 13: "blank"
  • Fol. 14: bottom
  • Fol. 15: "blank"
  • Fol. 16: top
  • Fol. 17: bottom
  • Fol. 18: "blank"
  • Fol. 19: top
  • Fol. 20: "blank"
  • Fol. 21: "blank"
  • Fol. 22: bottom
  • Fol. 23: "blank"
  • Fol. 24: top

There is later foliation in red ink the top right-hand corners (1-24).
There are three quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-8 (1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire II: fols. 9-16 (9+16, 10+15, 11+14, 12+13) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire III: fols. 17-24 (17+24, 18+23, 19+22, 20+21) (4 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords here and there.
  • The leaves are rather clean, mostly showing stains around the edges. Note:
  • Fols. 1r, 8v-9r, 16v-17r are somewhat dirtier than the other pages.
  • The ink is bleeding through the paper, outlining the written area even on the blank pages.
The text is written in one column. 170 mm x 130 mm25-276-9Note: There is dry ruling in the outer margins marking the written area.
Unknown Kurrent Sole
Info: The texts were written in a hybrid script with many aspects of early humanist cursiva. The same hand wrote AM 410 4to CU2 and AM 606 g 4to.
  • Initial: The initials span 1-2 lines and are decorated by means of additional lines and strokes.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with lines to the left and underneath the words.
  • Border: At times, there is a horizontal line at the end of a text (e.g. fol. 8v).
  • Other: The edges have been coloured dark blue.
  • There are a few later corrections and notes in the text and the margins.
(see above)
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to ca. 1640 (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 615-616).
Árni Magnússon first borrowed the larger manuscript, of which this was a part, from Torfæus in 1712. In 1715 he was given the manuscript more permanently at Torfæus's wife’s instigation (see accMat).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms36.


AM 410 4to CU2 (1615-1665, Iceland)
4. (25r-99r) Annálar Icelandic, Latin Annalar vm þad sierlega sem til heffur fallid J Danmork. Noregi, Þyskalandi og Islandi og Annarstadar, frä þui Datum skriffadist 636 Constantinus filius Heraclyti Þorgeir Eigilsson og Torfi Kodransson Based on GKS 2087 4to and AM 412 4to. Note: From 636 until 1394 AD. Fols. 99v-100v are blank.
Codex
Paper
76202 mm x 156 mm
The watermark is a double-lined cross with a crown on top and an oval shape over layering the cross. There is no countermark visible. Some details are:
  • Fol. 25: bottom
  • Fol. 26: "blank"
  • Fol. 27: bottom
  • Fol. 28: "blank"
  • Fol. 29: "blank"
  • Fol. 30: top
  • Fol. 31: "blank"
  • Fol. 32: top
  • Fol. 33: "blank"
  • Fol. 34: bottom
  • Fol. 35: "blank"
  • Fol. 36: top
  • Fol. 37: bottom
  • Fol. 38: "blank"
  • Fol. 39: top
  • Fol. 40: "blank"
  • Fol. 41: bottom
  • Fol. 42: "blank"
  • Fol. 43: top
  • Fol. 44: "blank"
  • Fol. 45: "blank"
  • Fol. 46: bottom
  • Fol. 47: "blank"
  • Fol. 48: top
  • Fol. 49: bottom
  • Fol. 50: "blank"
  • Fol. 51: top
  • Fol. 52: "blank"
  • Fol. 53: "blank"
  • Fol. 54: bottom
  • Fol. 55: "blank"
  • Fol. 56: top
  • Fol. 57: "blank"
  • Fol. 58: "blank"
  • Fol. 59: top
  • Fol. 60: top
  • Fol. 61: bottom
  • Fol. 62: bottom
  • Fol. 63: "blank"
  • Fol. 64: "blank"
  • Fol. 65: bottom
  • Fol. 66: "blank"
  • Fol. 67: top
  • Fol. 68: "blank"
  • Fol. 69: "blank"
  • Fol. 70: bottom
  • Fol. 71: "blank"
  • Fol. 72: top
  • Fol. 73: bottom
  • Fol. 74: "blank"
  • Fol. 75: top
  • Fol. 76: "blank"
  • Fol. 77: "blank"
  • Fol. 78: bottom
  • Fol. 79: "blank"
  • Fol. 80: top
  • Fol. 81: bottom
  • Fol. 82: bottom
  • Fol. 83: "blank"
  • Fol. 84: "blank"
  • Fol. 85: "blank"
  • Fol. 86: "blank"
  • Fol. 87: top
  • Fol. 88: top
  • Fol. 89: "blank"
  • Fol. 90: "blank"
  • Fol. 91: top
  • Fol. 92: top
  • Fol. 93: bottom
  • Fol. 94: bottom
  • Fol. 95: "blank"
  • Fol. 96: "blank"
  • Fol. 97: bottom
  • Fol. 98: "blank"
  • Fol. 99: "blank"
  • Fol. 100: top

There is later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corners (25-99).
There are ten quires:
  • Quire IV: fols. 25-32 (25+32, 26+31, 27+30, 28+29) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire V: fols. 33-40 (33+40, 34+39, 35+38, 36+37) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VI: fols. 41-48 (41+48, 42+47, 43+46, 44+45) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VII: fols. 49-56 (49+56, 50+55, 51+54, 52+53) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VIII: fols. 57-64 (57+64, 58+63, 59+62, 60+61) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire IX: fols. 65-72 (65+72, 66+71, 67+70, 68+69) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire X: fols. 73-80 (73+80, 74+79, 75+78, 76+79 (4 bifolia)
  • Quire XI: fols. 81-88 (81+88, 82+87, 83+86, 84+85) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire XII: fols. 89-96 (89+96, 90+95, 91+94, 92+93) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire XIII: fols. 97-100 (97+100, 98+99) (2 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords here and there.
  • The leaves are rather dirty, showing many stains, among others from liquid.
  • The ink is bleeding through the paper, outlining the written area even on the blank pages.
  • On fol. 15r, there are remnants of old glue close to the spine (and possibly at the top edge).
The text is written in one column. 170 mm x 130 mm25-278-10Note: There is dry ruling in the outer margins marking the written area.
Unknown Mixed Sole
Info: The majority of the text was written in kurrent script, but the parts in Latin were written in an early form of humanist cursiva. The same hand wrote AM 410 4to CU1 and AM 606 g 4to.
  • Initial: The initials span 1-2 lines and are decorated by means of additional lines and strokes.
  • Paratext: The rubric is partly written in larger chancery script.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with lines to the left and underneath the words.
  • Other: The edges have been coloured dark blue.
  • There are extensive later additions in different hands.
  • Marginal additions as well as lines and markers are found in three different colours: pencil, red crayon and black ink.
(see above)
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to ca. 1640 (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 615-616).
Árni Magnússon first borrowed the larger manuscript, of which this was a part, from Torfæus in 1712. In 1715 he was given the manuscript more permanently at Torfæus's wife’s instigation (see accMat).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms36.


Last update: 2015.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00