Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 409 a 4to
AM 409 a 4to
Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík
This manuscript consists of 6 parts.
Codex
Paper
i, 33, i

The manuscript is bound in a modern half binding with fabric on the boards. The binding was made in 1968 by Birgitte Dall.

An AM-slip (101 mm x 84 mm) is located behind the front flyleaf. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"1704 in Junio, feck eg þetta af Gudmundi Jonssyne i Mula i Fliotzhlïd."
A modern hand has added on top of the leaf the information that the slip used to be located in the middle of AM 409 a 4to CU6:
"Indlagt mellem bl. 32-33."
On the verso-side of the slip, part of an address is visible, revealing that this slip is made from an envelope of a letter sent to Árni Magnússon while he was in Skálholt.
AM 409 a 4to CU1 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-4r) Krukksspá Icelandic [no rubric] Anno 1514 späer Jőn kruckur Þetta til gamanz Giǫ̉rt F I N I S Note: The lower half of fol. 4r and all of fol. 4v are blank.
Codex
Paper
4210 mm x 162 mm
The watermark is a foolscap in a collar with seven bells. The countermark consists of two letters. Note: Due to the condition of the paper, the watermark is difficult to see.The details are:
  • Fol. 1: foolscap (top)
  • Fol. 2: countermark
  • Fol. 3: countermark
  • Fol. 4: foolscap (bottom)
The watermark on the AM-slip shows the top part of a large crowned standing lion holding an axe with a bent shaft.

There is later foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (1-5), also counting the AM-slip.
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-4 (1+4, 2+3) (2 bifolia) Note: The outer bifolium has been repaired at the spine, but probably belonged together.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every page except for the last two.
  • The leaves are dark and rather dirty.
  • The edges are untrimmed.
  • The bottom edge of most leaves have been repaired using Japanese paper.
  • The outer bifolium was re-joined during conservation, also using Japanese paper.
  • All leaves show a strong horizontal folding line in the middle, indicating that the leaves were folded for some time. On fol. 4v, there are two more horizontal folding lines visible, suggesting that the leaves were folded twice.
  • Fol. 4v is dirtier than the other pages, indicating that it was at the outside of the folded leaves.
The text is written in one column. 181 mm x 134 mm33-3511-13
Unknown Kurrent Sole
Info: Against Kålund's suggestion, this is probably not an autograph of Jón Guðmundsson (Halldór Hermannsson 1924, xviii; Einar G. Pétursson 1998, 147-148).
  • Paratext: The first line of text and the first line of the final stanza are written in chancery script.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with an angled line.
  • Frieze: There are two (different) small tailpieces on fol. 4r.
  • A later hand has added
    "Nr. 1."
    in pencil in the upper right-hand corner of fol. 1r.

An AM-slip (205 mm x 162 mm) is located in front of the codicological unit. Árni Magnússon has written
"Krucks=Spaa"
on it. This leaf used to be an envelope for a letter addressed to Árni Magnússon during his stay in Skálholt. Note: The second half of the former bifolium is now found behind AM 409 a 4to CU5.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 614).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon received the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 409 a 4to CU2 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-8v) Krukksspá Icelandic Anno 1514 spaer Ion krukkur Sæll er Jon þä [i þann] tÿma
Codex
Paper
8150 mm x 98 mm
The watermark is very difficult to see due to the condition of the paper. It could possibly be some kind of coat of arms. The visible details are:
  • Fol. 1: "blank"
  • Fol. 2: [smaller part of watermark]
  • Fol. 3: "blank"
  • Fol. 4: "blank"
  • Fol. 5: [larger part of watermark]
  • Fol. 6: "blank"
  • Fol. 7: "blank"
  • Fol. 8: [larger part of watermark]
The watermark on the surrounding AM-slip shows the lower half of the large letters "HHEVSER" and the year "1692". Note: The top half of this watermark is preserved in fol. 1 of AM 409 a 4to CU5.

There is later foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (6-15), also including the surrounding bifolium (AM-slip).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-8 (1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5) (4 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are a catchword on fol. 1r and a pseudo-catchword on fol. 2r.
  • The leaves are in 8vo-format.
  • The leaves have darkened considerably.
  • There are many stains, and especially fols. 1r and 8v are dirty, so the text is difficult to read at times.
  • The edges are untrimmed and darker than the rest of the pages.
  • The bifolium fols. 1+8 has been repaired at the spine using Japanese paper.
  • There are holes from overcast stitches in the inner margins of all leaves.
  • A vertical folding line is visible on all leaves, indicating that they were folded in half with fol. 8v on the outside.
The text is written in one column. 128-135 mm x 85 mm21-256-7
Unknown Kurrent Sole
  • Frieze: On fol. 8v, there is a tailpiece.
  • Paratext: The catchword on fol. 1r is decorated with a bow.
  • A later hand has rewritten some of the words on top of 8v, which were fading, using brown ink.
  • A later hand has added
    "Nr.2."
    in pencil to the front page of the AM-slip.

A bifolium (168 mm x 105 mm) is located around the codicological unit. Árni Magnússon has written on the recto-side of the first leaf
"Krucks-Spá."
using brown ink. Note: This bifolium is probably made from a fromerly blank leaf at the end of AM 409 a 4to CU5 (see watermark).
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 614).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon received the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 409 a 4to CU3 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-8v) Krukksspá Icelandic (Nockud ur Krucks Spä.) Anno 1514. Späer Jön kruckur Hier endast þad, sem eg sied hefe skrifad af þessari spä, halldid til goda. Vale Note: The lower part of fol. 8v is blank.
Codex
Paper
8202 mm x 165 mm
The watermark is a Maid of Dort ("Pro Patria") with the letters "AI" underneath. The countermark also consists of the letters "AI". The details are:
  • Fol. 1: letters
  • Fol. 2: Maid of Dort (top)
  • Fol. 3: Maid of Dort (bottom)
  • Fol. 4: letters
  • Fol. 5: letters
  • Fol. 6: Maid of Dort (top)
  • Fol. 7: Maid of Dort (bottom)
  • Fol. 8: letters

There is later foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (16-23).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-8 (1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5) (4 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on fols. 1v, 4v, 7r and 7v.
  • The leaves are rather clean. Only fols. 1r and 8v are darker with slight dirt.
  • The leaves are untrimmed.
  • There are a couple of tears in the outer margins.
  • The bifolium fols. 1+8 has been repaired close to the spine using Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 155 mm x 126 mm23-287-10Note: A line from dry ruling is visible in the outer margins.
Unknown Kurrent Sole
  • Paratext: The rubric and first line of text are written in larger chancery script.
  • In the upper outer margin of fol. 1r, Árni Magnússon has written:
    "Ex charta Gudmundi Thorlevii"
    .
  • A later hand has added
    "Nr.3."
    in pencil to the top margin of fol. 1r.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 614).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon received the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 409 a 4to CU4 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-1v) Krukksspá (defective) Icelandic [no rubric] Krugs kuer spaaDomär 1501: ma ec hafa nÿa sko a fotumog vel vtbwen til ferda Note: Fragment. In the middle of fol. 1v, 5 lines of text, which were written with a different ink (but by the same scribe), were crossed out using that same ink.
Codex
Paper
1200 mm x 164 mm
There is no watermark visible, but chain-lines can be made out.

There is later foliation in pencil in the top outer corner of fol. 1r (24).
There is one singleton.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaf is in rough condition. It has been repaired at the edges using Japanese paper. Around the edges, some text is damaged.
  • Originally, the leaf was untrimmed as can be seen at the bottom and fore-edges.
  • The leaf is dirty with several stains and appears somewhat dark.
The text is written in one column. 195 mm x 155 mm27-288-12
Unknown Hybrida Sole
  • Initial: The remnants at the top of fol. 1r indicate that the initials were written somewhat larger and decorated with additional strokes.
  • Frieze: There are small round tailpieces at the end of paragraphs resembling modern @-signs.
  • In line 17 on fol. 1v, the text was written on top of a few words in thin brown ink. The underlying words were possibly written by the scribe.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 614).
It is hitherto unknown when or from whom Árni Magnússon received the codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 409 a 4to CU5 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-2v) Krukksspá Icelandic Kruks Spaa Er skjede og frammfor ä eirnne Jölanött mä Jeg hafa nya skä ä fötum og fliötur til ferda. Probably a copy of AM 409 a 4to CU4.
Codex
Paper
2210 mm x 165 mm
The watermark shows the text "GOTT BEWAHR KÖNICH" and a large crown on fol. 2, and the top half of the letters "HHEVSER 1692" on fol. 1. Note: The lower half of the letters is preserved in the bifolium found in AM 409 a 4to CU2.
The watermark on the added leaf in the back is the lower part of a large standing crowned lion holding an axe with a bent shaft. Note: The other part of this former bifolium with the top of the watermark forms the AM-slip in front of AM 409 a 4to CU1.

There is later foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (25-27), also counting an added leaf that was formerly part of an envelope.
There is one bifolium:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-2 (1+2) (1 bifolium) Note: The leaves have been joined during conservation, but did not originally belong together.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The edges are untrimmed.
  • The leaves are slightly discoloured, mostly around the edges.
  • The edges have been repaired using Japanese paper, and the two singletons have been joined to a bifolium.
  • There are a few stains on fol. 1r.
  • A horizontal folding line on both leaves indicates that they were folded in half at some point. Fol. 1r was then at the outside.
The text is written in one column. 150 mm x 110 mm207-8
Unknown Kurrent Sole
  • Paratext: The rubric is written larger and is slightly decorated.
  • Frieze: On fol. 2v, there is a wide tailpiece that was added later (see additions).
  • The text of the manuscript was compared twice and the variant readings were added into the text and margins. According to a note by Árni Magnússon on top of fol. 1r, the text was first compared to a manuscript in the hand of Jón Erlendsson:
    "Confererad vid hỏnd Sera Jons i Villingahollti"
    , i.e. NKS 1281 fol. (Springborg 2014, 98). In somewhat darker and thicker ink he has added information about the second comparison underneath:
    "Item vid annad Exemplar sem ätt hafdi Sal. Þormodur Torfason."
    , i.e. the former MS56 (Torfæi Num. XV) (Springborg 2014, 98).
  • The variants and additions from this second comparison are mostly found in the margins and are equipped with the addition
    "Ex. Th. Thorf."
    The same think ink is found in some instances in the text correcting the words or spelling.
  • In contrast to these additions with a thick pen, the other variants are found to be written with a thinner pen and partly in lighter brown ink. Most of those variants were written by one of Árni's scribe (Springborg 2014, 98).
  • The wide tailpiece on fol. 2v appears to be in a different ink than the main text. It was probably added by Árni Magnússon.
  • On top of fol. 1r, a later hand has added in pencil
    "No 5"
    .
  • At the back of the manuscript part behind fol. 2v, there is a full-sized 4to leaf (204 mm x 167 mm). On its verso-side, there are remnants of a red applied seal (possibly shellac) and an address, revealing that the leaf was part of an envelope sent to Árni Magnússon in Skálholt. Note: The other half of this envelope is preserved as AM-slip in AM 409 a 4to CU1.
  • On the verso-side of the added leaf, running vertically, Árni Magnússon has added in brown ink:
    "Institutio Vistattionis Saxonicæ"
    .
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 614).
It is hitherto unknown when or how the codicological unit came into the possession of Árni Magnússon. Note: The second round of variants were potentially added after Árni Magnússon had received Torfæus's manuscripts after his death, i.e. not before 1720.

Former Physical Context:
AM 409 a 4to CU6 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r:1-1r:13) Þau 7 heimsins furðuverk Þav 7 Heimsins furduverk. Babilons murveger upbigder og víser 5 þeim sem á siónuum voru, láti yfer 14. menn 2. (1r:14-4v) Þættir úr sögu Grikkja og Rómverja Umm þad land Nyremblani Vier hỏfum ärlega 365 Daga mejra fyrer þennan, enn hinn. 3. (4v-7r) Annáll [no rubric] Anno 1449. þann 28. octobr: var Christian greifi 1646. Brann vopnahűs Kaupenhavnar 4. (7r-10v:4) Annáll CHRONOLOGIA edr Tydar Registur umm þad sjerlegasta, sem skjed hefur j verỏlldjnne [...] Sjerdeilis j Danmỏrk og krïngliggjandi Lỏndum. Anno Mundi 60. slö Cain sinn brödur Abel i hél þä lifdu þeir lærdu menn Beliramus og Joh: Scothus. 5. (10v:5-10v:30) Krukksspá (defective) Fragment űr Krucks Spä Anno 1514. späer Jőn kruckur Ends: verra er þä enn ädur, þvj einginn Note: Vantar aftan af.
Codex
Paper
10199-212 mm x 163-170 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam with writing underneath. Note: Due to the condition of the paper, the letters cannot be read. The countermark consists of the letters "FCC(?)". The details are:
  • Fol. 1: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 2: letters
  • Fol. 3: letters
  • Fol. 4: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 5: letters(?)
  • Fol. 6: letters(?)
  • Fol. 7: letters(?)
  • Fol. 8: coat of arms (top?)
  • Fol. 9: coat of arms (bottom?)
  • Fol. 10: letters(?)

There is later foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (28-37).
There are three quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-4 (1+4, 2+3) (2 bifolia)
  • Quire II: fols. 5-6 (5+6) (1 bifolium)
  • Quire III: fols. 7-10 (7+10, 8+9) (2 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are pseudo-catchwords on fols. 5r and 10r.
  • The leaves have darkened.
  • There are a number of stains and dirt on the leaves, especially close to the edges.
  • The edges are untrimmed.
  • There are minor repairs at the edges and some of the corners of the leaves using Japanese paper.
  • Fol. 10v is slightly darker and dirtier than the previous pages, suggesting that this may have been the last page of this part for a longer time, possibly even from the beginning.
The text is written in one column. 169-192 mm x 153 mm27-369-12
Unknown Mixed Major
Info: Either one hand switched script types or several scribes wrote the manuscript.
  • Paratext: Some rubrics and section headings are written larger.
  • Paratext: On most pages, there are squiggles in the bottom outer corners where catchwords would be located.
  • A later hand has added
    "Nr. 46"
    in the top right-hand corner of fol. 1r.
(see above)
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 614).
Árni Magnússon received this codicological unit in 1704 from Guðmundur Jónsson (see accMat).

Former Physical Context:
  • In 1730 this codicological unit was not registered.


Last update: 2015.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00