Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 345 4to
AM 345 4to
Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík
This manuscript consists of 3 parts.
Codex
Paper
i, 78, i

The manuscript is bound in a modern half binding with fabric on the boards. It was bound in Copenhagen under Birgitte Dall in 1981.
There are three AM-slips in front of the manuscript.
  • AM-slip 1 (190 mm x 100 mm) reads in the hand of Árni Magnússon:
    "Af Haldane Brỏnufostra, Af Haldani Eysteinssyne, Af Haralldi Hringsbana. ur bok er eg feck af Markuse Bergssyne, og tok i sundur."
    A different hand has added underneath:
    "her i er og fleyra. vid catal."
    A third hand put parentheses around everything and commented:
    "indeholder ikke heri"
    above the list. These three sagas are missing, but were part of the same original codex (according to the register on fol. 29v). The texts may have been misplaced or were lost and only their AM-slip survived.
  • AM-slip 2 (198 mm x 155 mm) reads in the hand of Árni Magnússon:
    "Ans Saga."
    One of his scribes has added underneath:
    "Ur bök er eg feck af Markuse Bergssyne og tök ij sundur."
    This slip belongs to AM 345 4to CU1.
  • AM-slip 3 (198 mm x 155 mm) reads in the hand of Árni Magnússon:
    "Þorsteins Saga vikingssonar."
    The same scribe as on AM-slip 2 has added underneath:
    "Ur bök er Eg feck af Markuse Bergssyne og tök ij sundur."
    This slip belongs to AM 345 4to CU2.
AM 345 4to CU1 (1651-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r-8v) Áns saga bogsveigis Icelandic Af An Bogsveigir Note: The lower part of fol. 8v is blank.
Codex
Paper
8198 mm x 155-161 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam with a large crown on top.
The details are:
  • Fol. 1: "blank"
  • Fol. 2: coat of arms top part (crown)
  • Fol. 3: "blank"
  • Fol. 4: "blank"
  • Fol. 5: coat of arms lower part (lions)
  • Fol. 6: "blank"
  • Fol. 7: top part of letters: DI
  • Fol. 8: lower part of letters: DI

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom margins (1-8).There are remnants of later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corners. The ink is fading the number are difficult to see.
There are two quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-6 (1+6, 2+5, 3+4) (3 bifolia) Note: Fols. 1+6 have been repaired at the spine but form an original bifolium.
  • Quire II: fols. 7-8 (7+8) (1 bifolium) Note: This is an original bifolium.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every page.
  • The paper is rather dark from stains and dirt, especially fol. 1r.
  • There is a larger stain in the bottom right-hand corner of all leaves. Note: The same stain is visible in the back half of AM 345 4to CU3.
The text is written in one column. 180 mm x 135 mm30-3516-19
Jón Þórðarson Mixed Sole
Info: The scribe gradually switches from an upright chancery into a narrower and more slanted kurrent script. The catchwords are always written in kurrent script. The characteristics, e.g. the slashed o or the hooked e, stay the same in both script types.
  • Initial: On fols. 1-3, the initials span up to 5 lines; they are emphasised by means of strokes and some are additionally decorated with a face or ornaments.
  • Initial: On fols. 4-8, the initials are smaller (1-2 lines) and not decorated.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with different squiggles.
  • Paratext: The rubric and first line of the text are written slightly larger than the main text.
  • Paratext: The end of the text is written in the shape of half a diamond.
  • In the bottom margin of fol. 4v, the words
    "Lytill er nu niattvrinn"
    can be read.
(See above.)
The codicological unit was written in Iceland by Jón Þórðarson. According to the colophon in the other parts of the original manuscript, it was written in the second half of the seventeenth century.
Jón Jónsson inherited the manuscript, of which this was part, after his father Jón Þórðarson. In 1710, Markús Bergsson gave the larger manuscript to Árni Magnússon, who rearranged the parts. It is not known how the manuscript came to Markús Bergsson, but in his notes, Árni Magnússon mentions that Sigmundur Sæmundsson is said to have been a previous owner (AM 435 a 4to, 82r).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms35.


AM 345 4to CU2 (1651-1700, Iceland)
2. (9r-29v) Þorsteins saga Víkingssonar Icelandic Saga fra Þorsteine Wykings syne
Codex
Paper
21195 mm x 160 mm
There are different watermarks:
The first one (fol. 9-16) is a small watermark (coat of arms?) in the shape of a heart.
The latter parts bear a little horn watermark (only visible on one half of the bifolium).
Fol. 25 bears a floral ornament (possibly the top of a coat of arms with letters?)
The details are:
  • Fol. 9: countermark (tiny mark)
  • Fol. 10: heart, top
  • Fol. 11: countermark (tiny mark)
  • Fol. 12: heart, top
  • Fol. 13: heart, tip
  • Fol. 14: "blank"
  • Fol. 15: heart, tip
  • Fol. 16: "blank"
  • Fol. 17: "blank"
  • Fol. 18: horn
  • Fol. 19: "blank"
  • Fol. 20: "blank" (counterpart of horn)
  • Fol. 21: horn
  • Fol. 22: "blank"
  • Fol. 23: "blank" (counterpart of horn)
  • Fol. 24: "blank"
  • Fol. 25: large floral ornament (thicker paper)
  • Fol. 26: "blank"
  • Fol. 27: heart, bottom
  • Fol. 28: heart, top
  • Fol. 29: heart, bottom

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom margins (9-29).There is later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corners. It is fading and thus difficult to see.
There are three quires:
  • Quire III: fols. 9-16 (9+16, 10+15, 11+14, 12+13) (4 bifolia) Note: This is a full original quire.
  • Quire IV: fols. 17-24 (17+24, 18+23, 19+22, 20+21) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire V: fols. 25-[32] (25, 26, 27, 28+29, [30], [31], [32]) (3 singletons, 1 bifolium) Note: The original second half of the first three bifolia has been cut off. Instead, they have been joined with the first three leaves of the following quire, AM 345 4to CU3.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every page.
  • There are stains throughout the manuscript (top right side), which do not continue into the next CU.
  • The leaves, especially the first one, have darkened.
The text is written in one column. 160 mm x 125 mm25-2813-15Note: Chapters and their numbers are indicated in the margins.
Jón Þórðarson Mixed Sole
Info: Written by he same scribe as AM 345 4to CU1. Mostly in upright chancery script, but sometimes switching to a hybrid script, which is a more tilted variant of chancery his chancery that shows some features of kurrent script (slashed os and hooked es still present). The catchwords were written in kurrent script.
  • Initial: Space has been left for the major initial (10 lines fol. 9r) and 2-3 lines for some minor initials (e.g. on fol. 14v). Other initials are written out by the scribe (2-5 lines) and are sometimes neatly decorated with floral ornaments, e.g. on fol. 12v.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with varying squiggles.
  • Paratext: The end of the text is written in the shape of half a diamond.
  • There is a table of contents added to the originally blank lower part of fol. 29v. Of the 19 named sagas, most of them can be found in this manuscript, AM 536 4to and AM 585 a-e 4to:
    "Þessar søgur hefur þesse Bok Inne Ad hallda (Registrid)
    1 Af magusi Jarli og þeim amunda sonumm.
    2 Af Ulfari sterka.
    3 Af Þorsteine vijkingsyne.
    4 Af Halfdane Brỏnu fostra.
    5 Af Gibbon
    6 Af Nichulasi leykara.
    7 Af sigurdi fot og asmunde.
    8 Af sigurdi Turnara.
    9 Af Hector og Køppumm hans
    10 Af Valldimar Kongssyne.
    11 Af Conradi Keysara syne.
    12 Af Þialar Jone.
    13 Af Høgna og Hedni
    14 Af Heidriki kongi og hans ættmønnumm
    15 Af Bösa hinumm Sterka og Herraude
    16 Af Hrömundi Greypssyne
    17 Af An Bogsueiger.
    18 Af Haldane Eysteinssyne
    19 Af Harallde Hrijngs bana.
    Voru þesse sogu Nofn vppskrifud 1[?] Maij 17002 [......]"
  • To the right of the table of contents, another hand (Jón Jónsson) has added:
    "Þessarar bokar Registur sem þessar sogur hefur jnne ad hallda: skrifadar af Jone Sal. Thordarsyne Anno 1700. Þessa fyrr nefnda Sogu book aä eg Jon Jonsson Enn Einginn annar hveria mier Giefid hefur minn salugi [Elsk]u fader Jon Thor[dar son] M[anu propria?] Jon Jonsson Med Eiginn H[en]de. Anno 1703"
    . Note: See also (Loth 1978, 40).
(See above.)
The codicological unit was written in Iceland by Jón Þórðarson. According to the colophon in the other parts of the original manuscript, it was written in the second half of the seventeenth century.
Jón Jónsson inherited the manuscript, of which this was part, after his father Jón Þórðarson. In 1710, Markús Bergsson gave the larger manuscript to Árni Magnússon, who rearranged the parts. It is not known how the manuscript came to Markús Bergsson, but in his notes, Árni Magnússon mentions that Sigmundur Sæmundsson is said to have been a previous owner (AM 435 a 4to, 82r).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms35.


AM 345 4to CU3 (1651-1700, Iceland)
3. (30r-50r) Hervarar saga og Heiðreks Icelandic Sagann af Heidreke Konge og Hanns attmønnum I litlu töme skrifud Anno 1694 og endud 1. decemb. 4. (50v-74r) Bósa saga Icelandic Sagann Af þeim Boosa Hinum Sterka og Herraudi Endud kalfa verk[i.e. wyk?] med hast i firsti viku aptur ä vondum pappijr. Anno 1695 5. (74v-78v) Hrómundar saga Gripssonar Icelandic Saga Af Hromunde Greypssyne Anno 1695
Codex
Paper
49188-197 mm x 160 mm
There are different watermarks.
The details are:
  • Fol. 30: "blank"
  • Fol. 31: large floral ornament
  • Fol. 32: large coat of arms (lower part)
  • Fol. 33: part of letters
  • Fol. 34: part of letters
  • Fol. 35: foolscap (seven straight tips), top
  • Fol. 36: foolscap (seven trait tips), top
  • Fol. 37: foolscap (seven trait tips), bottom
  • Fol. 38: foolscap (seven trait tips), bottom
  • Fol. 39: letters
  • Fol. 40: letters
  • Fol. 41: "blank" (thicker paper)
  • Fol. 42: "blank"
  • Fol. 43: coat of arms with floral ornaments
  • Fol. 44: letters
  • Fol. 45: foolscap (seven trait tips), top
  • Fol. 46: foolscap (seven trait tips), bottom
  • Fol. 47: letters
  • Fol. 48: coat of arms (lower part with little ornaments)
  • Fol. 49: "blank"
  • Fol. 50: "blank" (thicker paper)
  • Fol. 51: foolscap (bottom)
  • Fol. 52: letters
  • Fol. 53: foolscap (top)
  • Fol. 54: letters
  • Fol. 55: letters
  • Fol. 56: foolscap (bottom)
  • Fol. 57: letters
  • Fol. 58: foolscap (top)
  • Fol. 59: larger watermark with little crown on top
  • Fol. 60: "blank"
  • Fol. 61: "blank"
  • Fol. 62: geometrical figure
  • Fol. 63: geometrical figure
  • Fol. 64: "blank"
  • Fol. 65: "blank"
  • Fol. 66: larger watermark (side without crown)
  • Fol. 67: "blank" (counter part of HB)
  • Fol. 68: "blank" (counter part of HB)
  • Fol. 69: "blank"
  • Fol. 70: "blank"
  • Fol. 71: "blank"
  • Fol. 72: "blank"
  • Fol. 73: HB(?) and flower
  • Fol. 74: HB(?) and flower
  • Fol. 75: foolscap (bottom)
  • Fol. 76: letters
  • Fol. 77: letters
  • Fol. 78: foolscap (top)

There is later foliation in pencil in the bottom margins (30-78).There is later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corners. The ink is fainting and thus difficult to see.
There are six quires:
  • Quire [V (continued):] fols. 30-32 (30, 31, 32) (3 singletons) Note: The three singletons have been attached to the last quire of AM 345 4to CU2.
  • Quire VI: 33-40 (33+40, 34+39, 35+38, 36+37) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VII: 41-50 (41+50, 42+49, 43+48, 44+47, 45+46) (5 bifolia)
  • Quire VIII: 51-58 (51+58, 52+57, 53+56, 54+55) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire IX: 59-66 (59+66, 60+65, 61+64, 62+63) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire X: 67-74 (67+74, 68+73, 69+72, 70+71) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire XII: 75-78 (75+78, 76+77) (2 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every page.
  • The ink bleeds through some of the leaves, especially in quire IX. In other areas, the ink is fading.
  • The edges are darkened and there are many stains. A characteristic stain is visible in the lower right corner of all leaves, beginning about half way through the CU. The stain is found to be continued in AM 345 4to CU1.
The text is written in one column. 175 mm x 130 mm29-3212-13
Jón Þórðarson Mixed Sole
Info: The scribe switches in between kurrent and a hybrid script of kurrent and chancery. Shorter passages or rubrics and first lines are at times written in a more decorative chancery script. The catchwords are always written in kurrent script.
  • Initial: The initials are filled in by the scribe. They span 1-3 lines and some of them were just written a little larger, others were neatly decorated with floral ornaments.
  • Paratext: The ends of the texts are written in the shape of half a diamond.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with varying squiggles.
  • Paratext: The first line of paragraphs is written in larger letters or in chancery script.
  • There are a few additions in the margins by the scribe.
(See above.)
The codicological unit war written in Iceland by Jón Þórðarson. According to the colophon in the other parts of the original manuscript, it was written in the second half of the seventeenth century.
Jón Jónsson inherited the manuscript, of which this was part, after his father Jón Þórðarson. In 1710, Markús Bergsson gave the larger manuscript to Árni Magnússon, who rearranged the parts. It is not known how the manuscript came to Markús Bergsson, but in his notes, Árni Magnússon mentions that Sigmundur Sæmundsson is said to have been a previous owner (AM 435 a 4to, 82r).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms35.


Last update: 2015.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00