Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 161 fol.
AM 161 fol.
Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík
This manuscript consists of 2 parts.
Codex
Paper
i, 90, i295 mm x 197 mm

The present binding (305 mm x 225 mm x 25 mm) is a modern half binding with fabric on the boards from 1976. The flyleaves belong to this binding.
The manuscript is kept together with an older binding in a blue box.
The earlier binding (300 mm x 200 mm x 30 mm) is a full binding from Árni Magnússon's time, i.e. ca. 1700-1730. It is made from parchment on cardboard with blank leaves as pastedown. There are remnants of a blue sticker for the shelfmark on the spine. On the outside of the back cover, in the upper left-hand corner (ca. 3 and 4 cm. from the edge), there is a signature. It is in bad condition and therefore hard do read. Note: A somewhat similar signature is located in the inside of the binding of AM 9 fol. The watermark on the front and back flyleaves of this old binding is a coat of arms with two lions, which is rather "fuzzy" in style. There is no crown on top, but "HS" (S written in the middle of H) underneath. The coat of arms itself is divided into two (a right and a left part). (Note: See also AM 9 fol.)
Stored with this older binding there are six paper strips showing foliation numbers by Árni Magnússon, which are not in the manuscript any more, since the strips have been taken off during conservation.
There is no additional material.
AM 161 fol. CU1 (1625-1672, Iceland)
1. (1r-37v) Svarfdæla saga Svarfdæla saga [Þ]að er upphaf að þessari sögu Margar eru sögur af Valla-Ljóti og var hann hinn mesti höfðingi. Ljótur lét drepa Eyglu-Halla bróður Karls unga. Nú lýkur hér Svarfdæla sögu með þvílíku efni. Jónas Kristjánsson recons that all extant paper manuscripts of Svarfdæla saga are derived from this exemplar (Jónas Kristjánsson, Íslenzk fornrit IX, xcii). Note: There are blank sections to indicate lacunae in the exemplar: Fol. 10v is mostly blank, fols. 11r-14v are blank (but have been added later), and some minor blank parts on fols. 9v and 32r. Fol. 38 is completely blank. 2. (39r-50v) Valla-Ljóts saga Saga af viðskiptum þeirra Svarfdæla og Guðmundar hins ríka. 1. kapituli. Sigmundur hér maður. Hann var son Ketils hins rauða Og lýkur þar viðskiptum þeirra Guðmundar hins ríka, en Guðmundur hélt virðingu sinni allt til dauðadags. Og lýkur þar þessari sögu.
Codex
Paper
51295 mm x 197 mm
There are three watermarks on the original leaves, an anchor, a pitcher, and a city with three towers with gates and a large gate in front, "H" and "B" at either side. Note: Accroding to www.wasserzeichen-online.de the latter watermark is from Tartu, Estonia, where it was used in 1638 (Ref-nr: EE7185-PO-105971).
On the inserted leaves, the watermark is a large coat of arms with a crown on top.
The details are:
  • Fol. 1: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 2: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 3: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 4: "blank"
  • Fol. 5: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 6: "blank"
  • Fol. 7: "blank"
  • Fol. 8: "blank"
  • Fol. 9: "blank"
  • Fol. 10: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 11: "blank"
  • Fol. 12: crowned coat of arms
  • Fol. 13: "blank"
  • Fol. 14: "blank"
  • Fol. 15: "blank"
  • Fol. 16: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 17: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 18: "blank"
  • Fol. 19: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 20: "blank"
  • Fol. 21: "blank"
  • Fol. 22: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 23: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 24: "blank"
  • Fol. 25: "blank"
  • Fol. 26: "blank"
  • Fol. 27: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 28: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 29: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 30: "blank"
  • Fol. 31: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 32: "blank"
  • Fol. 33: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 34: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 35: "blank"
  • Fol. 36: "blank"
  • Fol. 37: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 38: "blank"
  • Fol. 39: city
  • Fol. 40: city
  • Fol. 41: "blank"
  • Fol. 42: pitcher (up-side down)
  • Fol. 43: "blank"
  • Fol. 44: pitcher (up-side up)
  • Fol. 45: "blank"
  • Fol. 46: "blank"
  • Fol. 47: city
  • Fol. 48: pitcher (up-side down)
  • Fol. 49: "blank"
  • Fol. 50: "blank"
There is no watermark visible on the inserted fol. 1a, but there are clear chain-lines.

There is old foliation in dark ink in the upper right-hand corners, which is partly erased: 42-51 (fols. 1r-10r), 54-89 (fols. 15r-50r) including the blank leaf fol. 38.There is pagination in brown ink in the top outer corners (1-98) starting on fol. 1r, but skipping fol. 38r-v.
There is modern foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (1a-50), also counting the added leaf in front.
There are eight quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1a-8 (1a, 1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5) (1 singleton, 4 bifolia)
  • Quire II: fols. 9-10 (9+10) (1 bifolium)
  • Quire III: fols. 11-14 (11+12, 13, 14) (1 bifolium, 2 singletons) Note: These leaves were added later.
  • Quire IV: fols. 15-22 (15+22, 16+21, 17+20, 18+19) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire V: fols. 23-30 (23+30, 24+29, 25+28, 26+27) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VI: fols. 31-38 (31+38, 32+37, 33+36, 34+35) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VII: fols. 39+46 (39+46, 40+45, 41+44, 42+43) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire VIII: fols. 47-50 (47+50, 48+49) (2 bifolia) Note: The bifolia have been repaired in the spine fold and at least the outer bifolium had been detached for some time.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords at the end of quires, e.g. fol. 30v, which is the end of quire V, but not at the end of quire VI, since it coincides with the end of a saga and has a blank leaf in the end.
  • There are stains through-out the manuscript.
  • The pages at original quire boundaries are darker than the others.
  • There are a few modern repairs at the spine or the edges using Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 240 mm x 140 mm28-309-12Note: Running titles on fols. 1r-37v: "Svarfdæla."
Jón Erlendsson Hybrida Sole
  • Initial: Space has been left for major initials (3-4 lines).
  • Initial: On fol. 39r, there is an initial, which is drawn with other ink.
  • Initial: The initials at section beginnings are written out by the scribe. They are somewhat larger than the main text (1-2 lines) and slightly decorated.
  • Paratext: The rubric and first line of text are written larger, at times in capitals.
  • Paratext: Svarfdæla saga and Valla-Ljóts saga end in the shape of half a diamond.
  • Frieze: At times, there is a little tail-piece in the last line of a paragraph or chapter (combined "z" and "rum"-abbreviation).
  • There is a leaf added in front of the manuscript (fol. 1a) containing a table of contents on its recto-side in a younger hand, possibly from the late eighteenth century (handrit.is).
  • Fols. 11r-14v have been added later, but at the latest under Árni Magnússon, since the pagination from his time continues on them.
  • At the bottom of fol. 10v, a later hand has added a note about the insertion of leaves, indicating that the four leaves were added at two different times:
    "Her hafa verið 2 blöð óskrifuð í fyrstu, en 2 er síðan bætt við."
  • Some of the chapter headings in Svarfdæla sögu were added in a later hand (fols. 1r-37v) (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 114).
  • In the top right-hand corner of fol. 44r, a word resembling a signature is added.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 114), but the active writing period of the scribe was ca. 1625-1672.
The codicological unit was part of a larger codex, which Árni Magnússon bought from the sýslumaður Jón Þorláksson. Before, it belonged to the bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson. It is unsure how it came into the possession of Jón Þorláksson (STUAGNL 63, viii-ix).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms28.
  • Before then the codicological unit was part of Ms28a.


AM 161 fol. CU2 (1625-1672, Iceland)
3. (51r-88r) Reykdæla saga (defective) Saga af Vermundi og Víga-Skúta. Þorsteinn höfði hét maður. Hann bjó á Hörðalandi Illuga og Birni að fara til Ölvis hins Note: Ends defective.
Codex
Paper
39295 mm x 195 mm
The watermark is a city with three towers with gates and a large gate in front. The bottom of the watermark is shaped like a half circle. At either side of the city are the letters "H" and "B". Note: Accroding to www.wasserzeichen-online.de this watermark is from Tartu, Estonia, where it was used in 1638 (Ref-nr: EE7185-PO-105971).
  • Fol. 51: "blank"(?)
  • Fol. 52: "blank"
  • Fol. 53: "blank"
  • Fol. 54: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 55: "blank"
  • Fol. 56: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 57: "blank"
  • Fol. 58: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 59: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 60: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 61: "blank"
  • Fol. 62: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 63: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 64: "blank"
  • Fol. 65: "blank"
  • Fol. 66: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 67: "blank"
  • Fol. 68: "blank"
  • Fol. 69: city (up-side up)
  • Fol. 70: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 71: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 72: "blank"
  • Fol. 73: "blank"
  • Fol. 74: "blank"
  • Fol. 75: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 76: "blank"
  • Fol. 77: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 78: city (up-side up)
  • Fol. 79: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 80: "blank"
  • Fol. 81: "blank"
  • Fol. 82: "blank"
  • Fol. 83: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 84: "blank"
  • Fol. 85: city (up-side down)
  • Fol. 86: anchor (up-side down)
  • Fol. 87: "blank"
  • Fol. 88: anchor (up-side up)
  • Fol. 89: "blank"

There are traces of old foliation in ink in the top outer corners (1-39), which has been erased.There is contemporary pagination in brown ink in the top outer corners (99-175).
There is modern foliation in pencil in the top outer corners (51-89).
There are five quires:
  • Quire IX: fols. 51-60 (51, 52+59, 53+58, 54+57, 55+56, 60) (4 bifolia, 2 singletons) Note: Fols. 51 and 60 have been joined during restoration. Originally, fol. 60 formed a bifolium together with fol. 67.
  • Quire X: fols. 61-66 (61+66, 62+65, 63+64) (3 bifolia) Note: This quire once consisted of an additional bifolium: 60-67.
  • Quire XI: fols. 67-75 (67, 68+75, 69+74, 70+73, 71+72) (1 singleton, 4 bifolia) Note: Fol. 67 once belonged to the previous quire and formed a bifolium together with fol. 60.
  • Quire XII: fols. 76-83 (76+83, 77+82, 78+81, 79+80) (4 bifolia)
  • Quire XIII: fols. 84-89 (84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89) (6 singletons) Note: The singletons have been joined to form three bifolia.
In the bottom margin of fol. 60r is a squiggle, which could possibly be a quire signature.There are catchwords at the end of the original quires, e.g. fols. 59v and 67v.
  • There are many stains through-out the manuscript.
  • The pages at original quire boundaries are darker than the others. Fol. 51r is especially dark and in a rough condition.
  • There are modern repairs at the spine and the edges of some leaves using Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 245 mm x 140 mm28-319-12
Jón Erlendsson Hybrida Sole
  • Initial: Space has been left for major initials (3-4 lines).
  • Initial: The initials at section beginnings are written out by the scribe. They are somewhat larger than the main text (1-2 lines) and slightly decorated.
  • Paratext: The rubric and first line of text are written larger, at times in capitals.
  • Frieze: At times, there is a little tail-piece in the last line of a paragraph or chapter (combined "z" and "rum"-abbreviation).
  • There are some marginal notes and corrections here and there, partly in a younger hand (e.g. on fol. 66r).
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 114), but the active writing period of the scribe was ca. 1625-1672.
The codicological unit was part of a larger codex, which was identified as the one that Árni Magnússon bought from the sýslumaður Jón Þorláksson. Before, it belonged to the bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson. It is unsure how it came into the possession of Jón Þorláksson (STUAGNL 63, viii-ix).

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms28.
  • Before then the codicological unit was part of Ms28a.


Last update: 2016.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
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Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00