Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 34 fol.
AM 34 fol.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling, Copenhagen
This manuscript consists of 7 parts.
Codex
Paper
51

The manuscript is bound in a grey cardboard binding with blank pastedowns. On the front cover is written in ink:
"No 34. 1. Flateijar Bok. 2..... 3 Exempl. in Folio. 4 Exempl. in Qvarto."
There used to be two stickers on the spine for the shelfmark and the running number.
AM 34 fol. CU1 (1690-1697, Norway)
1. (1r:1-7v:18) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Or Flateyiar Boc Col. 8. Hvessu Noregr Bygþiz Nu skal segia demi til hversu Noreghr Bygðiz i fyrztu, eðr hversu konunga ættir hofuz þar enn dottir Valdimars Danakonungs. eftir er hon Let fanga Albrict
Codex
Paper
7316 mm x 203 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam. The details are:
  • Fol. 1: "blank"
  • Fol. 2: "blank"
  • Fol. 3: coat of arms
  • Fol. 4: "blank"
  • Fol. 5: coat of arms
  • Fol. 6: "blank"
  • Fol. 7: coat of arms

There is contemporary pagination in dark ink (1-14) in the top outer corners.There is later foliation in red ink (1-7) in the top outer corners.
There is one incomplete quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-7 (1, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5) (1 singleton, 3 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • On the top of the leaves and close to the spine, there are stains caused by liquid.
  • Most pages are rather clean except for fol. 1r, which is darker than the rest.
  • The red foliation is fading, suggesting a wet cleaning of the paper.
The text is written in one column. 250 mm x 135 mm28-296-9
Ásgeir Jónsson Chancery Sole
  • Other: There is light red colouration on the edges.
  • A note underneath the end of the text on fol. 7v reads
    "Samanlesinn vid Membr: Anno 1695"
    .

AM-slip a (104 mm x 88 mm) is located in front of the codicological unit. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"Ur Num. 13. in folio fra Stangarlandi."
The codicological unit was probably written in Norway in the period 1690-1697 (Már Jónsson 2009, 285).
Torfæus owned the larger manuscript, of which this was a part, before it came to Árni Magnússon.

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms47.


AM 34 fol. CU2 (1600-1672, Iceland)
2. (8r:1-14v:4) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Hier seiger Hversu Noregur Bygdist. Nu skal seigia Dæmi til hversu Noregur bygdizt i firstu. Edur hversu konga ætter höfust þar enn dotter Walldamars Dana köngs epter er hon liet fanga Albrikt
Codex
Paper
7292-294 mm x 185 mm
The watermark is a large post horn (without any letters). The details are:
  • Fol. 8: "blank"
  • Fol. 9: "blank"
  • Fol. 10: "blank"
  • Fol. 11: "blank"
  • Fol. 12: post horn
  • Fol. 13: post horn
  • Fol. 14: post horn

There is later foliation in red ink (8-14) in the top outer corners. The red ink is fading.There is later foliation in pencil (8-14) in the bottom margins.
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 8-[17] (8, 9+14, 10+13, 11+12, [15, 16, 17]) (1 singleton, 3 bifolia, [3 singletons]) Note: The singletons 15-17 did not originally belong to this quire, but were added to it during conservation. These three leaves stem from CU3 with its own provenance (see below).
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The paper is relatively dark and shows many stains. Fol. 8r has particularly darkened, and fol. 14v is also relatively dark.
  • There are later repairs close to the spine and at the lower edges.
  • Most leaves show traces of old glue in the inner margins of either their recto or their verso-side.
  • There are holes from overcast stitches in the inner margins of all leaves. A few holes are further away from the spine; some of the holes (particularly the third from the top and the second from the bottom) show traces of dark red colouring.
The text is written in one column. 230 mm x 130 mm24-269-11Note: There are running titles.
Jón Erlendsson Chancery Sole
  • Initial: Space has been left for the first initial (3 lines). Other initials within the text are written by the scribe. They correspond to ca. 2 lines and are slightly decorated.
  • Paratext: The rubrics and the first lines of text are written in larger letters.
  • A different hand has added names in the margins of fols. 11v and 12v-13v.
There used to be an AM-slip associated with this part reading:
"Ur bok Þorbiargar Vigfussdottur, sem kom til min fra Sr Þordi Jonssyne"
(Loth 1960: EA A5, lxii). The slip is now missing.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland for bishop Brynjólfur Sveinsson before 1672 (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 25).
According to the missing slip, Þorbjörg Vigfússdóttir owned the larger manuscript of which this was a part. Árni Magnússon received that manuscript through Þórður Jónsson.

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms67.
  • Before then the codicological unit was part of Ms67a.


AM 34 fol. CU3 (1664, Iceland)
3. (15r:1-17v:28) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Huoriu Noreg Bydist. Nu skal seigia Dæme til Huorsu Noreg bygdist, edur Huorsu Konga ætter haffist þar, Haffa þeir talid 69 Lidi med Adam Og Haralldi Härfagra þeirra J milli. Þetta Skrifad Eftter Bok Magnusar Jonssonar brodur Jons Pals Og Sigurdar Aff Honum Ritad sialfum, Og Hefur hann Eftter Odrum fornfrædum þetta skriffad. Enn eftter hans bok skriffadi þetta Sigurdur Prestur Jonßon J Ogur þingum, Og Sendi J Skalhollt Biskupenum M Bryniolfi Sueinßyni til handa Ad Eyri J Seydisfirdi Anno 1664 31 Augusti (for underskriffad Nafn) Sigurdur P. Jonßon MEH Note: Contains only the first six chapters.
Codex
Paper
3317 mm x 203 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam. The countermark consists of the letters "GB". The details are:
  • Fol. 15: coat of arms (upside down)
  • Fol. 16: "GB"
  • Fol. 17: coat of arms (upside down)

There is later foliation in red ink (15-17) in the top outer corners, which is fading.There is later foliation in pencil (15-17) in the bottom margins.
There is one incomplete quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 15-17 (15, 16, 17) (3 singletons) Note: During restoration, the singletons 15-17 were attached to the previous quire (see CU2).
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every page except the last.
  • There are large stains from liquid at the top of the leaves.
  • There are a few minor repairs along the edges.
The text is written in one column. 270 mm x 180 mm33-3812-16
Sigurður Jónsson Kurrent Sole
  • Initial: The initials (1-2 lines) are decorated with floral ornaments.
  • Paratext: The rubric and first lines of paragraphs are emphasised by means of larger letters and another script type (chancery script).
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated with two parallel lines and small circles on each side.
There are no later additions.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland at Eyri in Seyðisfjörður. It was finished 31 August 1664 and was written for Brynjólfur Sveinsson (see colophon).
It is unknown how or when the codicological unit came into Árni Magnússon's possession.

Former Physical Context:
AM 34 fol. CU4 (1688-1689, Norway)
4. (18r-27r:9) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Hvessa Noregr bygdiz Nu skal segia dęmi til hvessu Noregr bygdiz i fystu, edr hversu konunga ættir hofuz þar enn dottir Valdamars dana konungs eftir er hon Let fanga albrict.
Codex
Paper
10210 mm x 170 mm
The watermark is a large post horn inside of a decorated shape. The countermark consists of three half circles and a triangle attached to the same line. The lower two half circles point to one side, while the third half circle and triangle point into the opposite direction. The details are:
  • Fol. 18: post horn (top half)
  • Fol. 19: countermark (triangle)
  • Fol. 20: post horn (top half)
  • Fol. 21: countermark (triangle)
  • Fol. 22: post horn (bottom half)
  • Fol. 23: post horn (top half)
  • Fol. 24: countermark (2 half circles)
  • Fol. 25: post horn (top bottom)
  • Fol. 26: countermark (2 half circles)
  • Fol. 27: post horn (top bottom)

There is later foliation in red ink (18-27) in the top outer corners, which is fading.There is later foliation in pencil (18-27) in the bottom margins.
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 18-27 (18+27, 19+26, 20+25, 21+24, 22+23) (5 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in quarto-format.
  • The leaves are relatively clean, but the edges are darker.
  • There are some stains on fol. 18.
  • The inner and outer margins are marked by means of folding the paper or dry ruling.
The text is written in one column. 180 mm x 120 mm22-246-9
Ásgeir Jónsson Chancery Sole
  • Initial: The first initial is written slightly larger than the rest of the text (1-2 lines).

AM-slip c (165 mm x 103 mm) is attached in front of the codicological unit. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"Þetta Exemplar er hvergi nærri Correct qvantum ad literaturam, og þvi verd eg þadeinn hverntima ad conferera med Codice flatoensi, hvadan þad skrifad er. Variæ lectiones med minne hende, eru epter hendi Sera Jons i Villinga hollte, sem eg hafde ä Islande 1707. i bok Sera Þordar Jonssonar hvert exemplar att hefur Mag. Bryniolfur."
On the verso-side of that slip is crossed-out writing by Árni Magnússon:
"in folio 1622-30.
nefndernar ur henne.
Jtem þad sem er ä innfestum sedlum
hitt eins, nema þar hier er Corrigerad."
This codicological unit was presumably written in Norway in the period 1688-1689 (Már Jónsson 2009, 289).
According to the slip, Árni Magnússon owned the codicological unit in 1707, when he took the variant readings.

Former Physical Context:
AM 34 fol. CU5 (1601-1700, Iceland)
5. (29r:1-33r:24) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Her skal Seigia Dæmi til hverso Norvegur bygdist j fyrsto, eþor hvorsu konga ætter hofust þar, eþor j oþrum londum, eþor hvi þeir heita, Skiólldungar, Budlungar, Bragningar, Ødlingar, eþr Niflungar, sem konga ætternar eru afkomnar. Forniotur hefur maþr heitit, hann atti þria Sono, Epter drottning Margret vard kongur yfir Danmork Norvegi og Svyariki. Differs from the other copies, especially at the end, yet corresponding to AM 34 4to CU7. 6. (33v:1-33v:26) Letter (defective) Icelandic Bref þess Tyrkneska Keisara þeim christna Keisara tilskrifad. Machomet Keisarans sonur, so vijdfræge og vijtkiende Gudsson. Tyrkiannakeisare, kongur til Gricklands, Macedonien, Moldan, j Samaria og Holgio Ends: ad mier þo knast mijn tennar
Codex
Paper
7205 mm x 170 mm
There are different watermarks. The details are:
  • Fol. 28: coat of arms of Amsterdam (bottom)
  • Fol. 29: "blank"
  • Fol. 30: [large unidentified watermark]
  • Fol. 31: "blank"
  • Fol. 32: foolscap (top)
  • Fol. 33: foolscap (bottom)
  • Fol. 34: coat of arms of Amsterdam (top)

There is later foliation in red ink (28-34) in the top outer corners, which is fading.There is later foliation in pencil (28-34) in the bottom margins.
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 28-34 (28+34, 29, 30+31, 32+33) (3 bifolia, 1 singleton) Note: The outer bifolium 28+34 was added later. The bifolium 32+33 is an original bifolium, while the leaves of the bifolium 30+31 have been joined during later repair.
There are no quire signatures.There is a catchword on fol. 29v.
  • The leaves are in quarto-format.
  • The leaves have been repaired.
  • On some leaves, the ink bleeds through the paper.
The text is written in one column. 160 mm x 120 mm22-2812-19Note: Fols. 34r-v are blank.
Grímur Árnason Chancery Major
Info: Grímur Árnason wrote fols. 29r-33r.
Unknown Kurrent Minor
Info: An unknown scribe wrote fol. 33v.
  • Paratext: On fol. 33v, the rubric is emphasised by means of chancery script.
  • The bifolium fols. 28+34 is a later addition. Árni Magnússon has written on the recto-side of fol. 28:
    "Kom fra Islandi med minum pappirum 1720."

AM-slip d (155 mm x 105 mm) is located in between fols. 28v and 29r. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"þetta var fest framanvid Annala in 4to. med hendi Grims Arnasonar, er eg feck af Monsr Scheving."
The codicological unit was probably written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 25).
Árni Magnússon received the codicological unit from Lárus Scheving (see AM-slip d).

Former Physical Context:
AM 34 fol. CU6 (1669, Iceland)
7. (35r:1-41r:13) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Hvórsu Norvegur Bygdest Nu Skal Seigia Dæme til hvorsu Norvegur bygdest, og hvórsu könga Ætter höfust þar, edur j odrum lóndumm og hvi þeir heite Skiolldungar, Budlungar, Bragnngar, Ødlingar og Niflungar, er konga Ætternar eru frä komnar Fornjötur hiet madur, hann ätte þriä Sonu, Bröder Haralldar Var Ranndver fader Sigurdar hrings fadur Ragnar lodbrokar. fader Sigurdar. ut supra Note: Contains only the first five chapters. 8. (41v:1-42r:19) Genealogy from Adam to Ólafur Icelandic Ættartala Fra Adam fyrsta manne til þessa Adam Skapade Gud fyrstann allra manna, Seth var Sonur hanns: Hanns Son Olafur er þetta skrifade Arum epter Gudz burd M DC. LXXIX þann 10 Dag Januarij mänadar
Codex
Paper
12213 mm x 165 mm
The watermark is a coat of arms of Amsterdam. The countermark resembles the letters "S" and "I" written together. The details are:
  • Fol. 35: countermark
  • Fol. 36: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 37: countermark
  • Fol. 38: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 39: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 40: countermark
  • Fol. 41: countermark
  • Fol. 42: coat of arms (top)
  • Fol. 43: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 44: countermark
  • Fol. 45: coat of arms (bottom)
  • Fol. 46: countermark

There is later foliation in red ink (35-46) in the top outer corners.There is modern foliation in pencil in the bottom margins (35-46).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 35-46 (35+46, 36+45, 37+44, 38+43, 39+42, 40+41) (6 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on fols. 35r-40r and 40v.
  • The leaves are in quarto-format.
  • The leaves are rather clean and in a good condition.
  • It is apparent from the partly washed-out red foliation that the leaves were put in water during conservation.
  • The edges are not trimmed and slightly dirty.
The text is written in one column. 150 mm x 120 mm21-227-10Note: Fols. 42v-46v are blank.There is dry ruling.
Ólafur Gíslason Mixed Sole
Info: The scribe mixes letters from different script types, mostly chancery script and kurrent script.
  • Initial: The initials are written slightly larger and bolder (1-2 lines).
  • Paratext: Rubrics are emphasised by means of larger letters.
  • Paratext: Most catchwords are decorated with two short strokes in front.
  • There are a few additions and corrections to the texts.

An AM-slip [e] (162 mm x 103 mm) is attached in front of the codicological unit. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
"Epter nyu Exemplare skrifudu (ad eg meina) af Sr Olafi Gislasyne ä Hofi i Vopnafirde, þä hann var þienare i Skalhollte."
Note: The slip is made from reused material, as there are remnants of the end of another text on the verso-side.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland, presumably in Skálholt (see AM-slip [e]). According to Loth, this part may have been written in 1669, not 1679 as stated in the final rubric on fol. 42r (Loth 1960: Sønderdelte arnamagnæanske papirhåndskrifter, 141).
It is not known how or when the codicological unit came into the possession of Árni Magnússon.

Former Physical Context:
AM 34 fol. CU7 (1601-1700, Iceland)
9. (48r-51v:16) Hversu Noregur byggðist Icelandic Her Skal Seigia Dæmi til Hverso Norvegur bygdist i fyrsto, Eþor hvorso Konga ætter höfust þar, eþor i óþrum lóndum; Eþor hvi þeir heita, Skióldungar, Budlungar, Bragningar, Ødlingar eþr Niflüngar, sem konga ætternar ero afkomnar Fornjotur. hefur maþr heitit, hann ätti þrjä Sono, Eptir Drottning Margret vard kongur yfir Danmórk Norvegi og SvyaRiki Note: Corresponding to the text in AM 34 4to CU5.
Codex
Paper
i, 6, i210-215 mm x 162-170 mm
There is a large watermark that is difficult to see due to the relative darkness of the paper. It could possibly be a coat of arms of Amsterdam(?). The countermark consists of two letters. The details are:
  • Fol. 48: large watermark
  • Fol. 49: countermark
  • Fol. 50: "blank" (other half of bifolium with countermark)
  • Fol. 51: large watermark
The new flyleaves show chain-lines but no watermark.

There is later foliation in red ink (47-51) in the top outer corners (including the older flyleaf 47).There is modern foliation in pencil (47a-51) in the bottom margins (including both the older flyleaf 47 and its replacement 47a).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 48-51 (48+51, 49+50) (2 bifolia)
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves are in quarto-format.
  • The leaves are rather dark and the ink is partially bleeding through the paper.
  • There are a few stains, but the leaves have been washed as can be seen from the fading red foliation.
  • The edges are untrimmed and partly repaired with Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 165 mm x 130 mm29-3113-17
Unknown Chancery Sole
  • Paratext: The rubrics are written in larger letters than the main text.
  • The older flyleaf fol. 47 is an addition in folio-format. It is made from a letter describing events in Copenhagen, dated 30 June 1714 and addressed to Geheimråd Vibe. The leaf has been folded in half and on the originally blank outside of the first half, Árni Magnússon has written:
    "Eg skar þetta ut ur Num. 1. 1720. i Kaupenhafn.
    Mense Martio.
    Eru Origines Norvegiæ. fra Stangalande."
    Note: The larger leaf was probably used as a bifolium around the leaves 48-51. It is now replaced with a blank bifolium of thick paper (fol. 47a), and fol. 47 is kept at the back of the manuscript.
  • There are a few contemporary additions in the margins.
  • On fol. 48r, there are some later additions and squiggles. One addition below the text is smeared and illegible. Another one in the outside margin reads:
    "Heidrekur kongur hygg þu ad gätu Sagde Gestumblindi"
    .
The codicological unit was presumably written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 25).
Árni Magnússon received the codicological unit from Torfæus (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 25).

Former Physical Context:
Last update: 2016.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00