Árni Magnússon’s rearrangement of paper manuscripts

Repository for PhD project files by Beeke Stegmann

AM 1 a-c fol.
AM 1 a-c fol.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling, Copenhagen
This manuscript consists of 5 parts.

AM 1 a-c fol. are stored in a common brown box.
AM 1 a fol. CU1 (1640-1660, Iceland)
1. (1r-14r) Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum Icelandic Saugubrot. Af nockrumm fornköngumm j Dana ok Svia velde Jvari Vydfadma Hræreke Helga inumm Hvassa Harallde Hilldetønn med Bravallar bardaga ok nockud af Sigurde Hring epter þui sem fundizt hafa ritud a nidlags Saurblada rifrilldumm Sunndurlaus This is a copy of the defective AM 1 e β fol. 1.1. (1r-7v) 1. Brot vmm Konbonar før Helga Hins Hvassa til Audar Hinnar Diupaudgv Jvars döttur Vïdfadma j Sviaryke Og taalsvør Jvars vpphafslaust. Ord Audar vid fodur sinn framm berannde eirinde Helga med vnderhyggiu.1.1.1. (1r-7v) ∗∗ Se eg ad þetta mäl þarf ad litt se a a lopt borid ad menn bidie mÿn. blyþumm ordumm og fỏgrum ∗∗∗.Note: The scribe has added at the end: "Hier wanntar miked vid framm ad ellidogumm Haralldar Hilldetannar."1.1.2. (8r-8r) ∗∗∗ Og a einv hauste sotte hann a funnd Harallds kongs enn Annar Þrøndur gamli. 1.2. (8v-14r) Bravallar bardagi midli Harallds kongs Hilldetannar. Og Sigurdar Hrings.Ok er Haralldur köngur Hilldetønn var ordinn so gamall er hann hafde halft annad hundrad vetraþuiad allt forellri alfhilldar
Codex
Paper
ii, 19, i305 mm x 190 mm
There are several watermarks:
On fols. 1-11 and 13-14, the watermark consists of two round towers. They are connected by an archway without portcullis but with a pointed gable. There is a pointy plinth underneath. Note: The same watermark is found in the main text block of AM 9 fol. and AM 192 fol.
On fol. 12, there is an upright standing lion (holding a banner?).
On fols. 15, 16, 18, there is a coat of arms of Amsterdam.
On fol. 17, there is a countermark reading "III".
The details are:
  • Fol. 1: towers (upside up)
  • Fol. 2: "HP" (upside down)
  • Fol. 3: towers (upside up)
  • Fol. 4: towers (upside up)
  • Fol. 5: "HP" (upside down)
  • Fol. 6: towers (upside down)
  • Fol. 7: "HP" (upside up)
  • Fol. 8: "HP" (upside up)
  • Fol. 9: towers (upside down)
  • Fol. 10: "HP" (upside up)
  • Fol. 11: towers (upside up)
  • Fol. 12: lion (upside up)
  • Fol. 13: "HP" (upside down)
  • Fol. 14: towers (upside up)
  • Fol. 15: coat of arms of Amsterdam
  • Fol. 16: coat of arms of Amsterdam
  • Fol. 17: "III"
  • Fol. 18: coat of arms of Amsterdam
  • Fol. 19: different coat of arms of Amsterdam
On the front and back flyleaves (including what was foliated as fol. 19), there are is a large crowned coat of arms of Amsterdam with the letters "MI" underneath.

There is later pagination in black ink in the upper right-hand corners (1-37).The first 14 leaves, i.e. those not left blank, have been paginated in the upper right-hand corners (1-14) by Kålund using red ink. Due to cleaning of the leaves, the red ink is fading.
There is later foliation in pencil in the upper right-hand corners (1-19) by Mariane Overgaard.
There are two quires:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-10 (1, 2+9, 3+8, 4+7, 5+6, 10) (4 bifolia and 2 singletons)
  • Quire II: fols. 11-19 (11, 12+17, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19) (1 bifolium and 7 singletons)
There are no quire signatures.There is a catchword on fol. 10v.
  • There are a few stains, but the leaves are relatively clean.
  • The edges are clean and many of them have been trimmed.
The text is written in one column. 230 mm x 120 mm22-257-9Note: There are running titles.
Jón Erlendsson Chancery Major
Info: Written, apart from fol. 12, by Jón Erlendsson from Villingaholt in his clear chancery script.
Unknown Chancery Minor
Info: Fol. 12 has been added later to replace a missing leaf; the hand is younger but appears to consciously imitate the hand of the main scribe.
  • Initial: The initials are slightly larger than the main text (1-2 lines) and at times, there is space left blank to the left of the initials.
  • Paratext: Two to three asterisks have been used to indicate lacunae.
  • Fol. 12 is a later addition.

The codicological unit is bound in a parchment binding (a full binding with parchment on cardboard) from Árni Magnússon's time. There are parchment strips laced through the spine fold. On top of the front cover (in the centre),
"No I."
is written in brown ink and a later hand has added
"A."
in black ink. There are two stickers for the shelfmark and the running number on the spine.

There is an AM-slip (152 mm x 140 mm) in Árni Magnússon's hand in between the front flyleaves and the text block. The slip reads:
"Fragment um Bravallar bardaga. Feinged til lans af Jone Þorlaks syne 1709. Sidan til kaups 1710. Er med hendi Sera Jons i Villinga hollte, og var innbunded i bok med ỏdrum sỏgum."
The codicological unit was written in Villingaholt in southern Iceland in the middle of the seventeenth century by Sr. Jón Erlendsson (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 1).
According to the accompanying slip, Árni Magnússon borrowed this codicological unit from Jón Þorláksson in 1709 and then purchased it from him the following year. The codicological unit was then part of a larger codex.

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms92.


Codex
Paper
ii, 10, iNote: This physical description acounts for parts AM 1 b fol. CU1-3.
The watermark on the second front flyleaf is a monogram ("JVC"?) topped with a crown.


The codicological units AM b fol. CU1-3 are bound together in a modern half binding with linnen on the boards from Birgitte Dall's time.

There are paper strips stored in the same box as the manuscript parts. They are made from waste paper as can be seen from older writing. According to a note by the conservator, these strips were used for older repairs in the margins of the leaves, but were taken off during modern conservation.
AM 1 b fol. CU1 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r:1-4v:30) Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum (defective) Icelandic Af nockrum fornkongum i Dana og Suiavelde Yvari vydfadma Hrareke Helga inum huassa Harande[sic] Hilldetonn med Bravallar Bardaga og nockud af Sigurde hring epter þui sem fundist[?] hafa ritud a nidlags saurblada rifrilldum. Se eg ad þetta mäl þarf ad litt Ends: siglir huer til syns lands: og Copied from AM 1 a fol. (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 2).
Codex
Paper
4300-305 mm x 190 mm
The watermark is a foolscap with a bell on either side of the head and a chain. It has a collar with five bells. There is no countermark visible.
The detials are:
  • Fol. 1: "blank"
  • Fol. 2: foolscap
  • Fol. 3: "blank"
  • Fol. 4: foolscap

There is later pagination in the top right-hand corners in black ink (1-5) and pencil (6-8).There is later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corners (1-4). This foliation is partially fading.
There is later foliation in dark ink in the top margins (1-4). This foliation has partially been erased or written over to fit with the pagination.
There is modern foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corners (1-4).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: fols. 1-4 (1, 2, 3, 4) (4 singletons) Note: The leaves presumably formed two bifolia.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The leaves have been repaired extensively in the inner and outer margins.
  • The repairs are mostly done using coloured Japanese paper, only in the top outer corner of fol. 1 an older repair using regular paper is in place.
  • In the margins of most leaves are traces of old glue. The paper strips that used to be glued on there, have been taken off and are kept separately in the manuscript box (see above).
  • The leaves have darkened and are dirty from stains.
  • Fol. 1r is even darker than the other pages.
The text is written in one column. 245 mm x 145 mm31-3211-12Note: There are running titles.
Unknown Chancery Sole
Info: The leaves 3r-4v were written in a darker ink, but presumably by the same scribe.
  • Initial: The first letters of sections are slightly enlarged (1.5 lines) and emphasized by means of wider strokes.
  • In the top outer corner of fol. 1r a small paper strip is attached to the leaf. Árni Magnússon has written on it:
    "Corruptissimum Exemplar et nullius momenti"
    . The slip is made from waste paper and shows some older, partially crossed-out writing both on the recto-side and the verso-side, which is visible on fol. 1v.
(see above)
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 2).
It is hitherto unknown how or when Árni Magnússon obtained this codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 1 b fol. CU2 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (5r:1-5v:12) Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum Icelandic Begins: landz og er þetta spir Rädbert enn annar Þrandur hinn gamle This is an indirect copy of AM 1 a fol. (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 2).
Codex
Paper
1310 mm x 195-205 mm
There are only chain-lines visible.

There is later pagination in the top right-hand corner in black ink (9).There is later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corner (5). This foliation is fading.
There is later foliation in dark ink in the top margin (5). This foliation has been erased.
There is modern foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corner (5).
There is one singleton.
There are no quire signatures.There is a catchword on fol. 5r.
  • The inner margin has been repaired using coloured Japanese paper. There are also traces of older repairs in the margin.
  • The fore-edge shows a few minor repairs using Japanese paper.
  • There are some stains on the paper and the leaf is somewhat dark from dirt (especially on its verso-side).
The text is written in one column. 260 mm x 150 mm4412-14Note: There are running titles.
Unknown Kurrent Sole
  • Paratext: The catchword is decorated with some squiggles.
  • Paratext: The end of the text is written in the shape of half a diamond.
  • Paratext: There is a small tail-piece at the end of the text on fol. 5v.
  • In the top right-hand corner of fol. 5r a later hand has added in black ink:
    "male compa vid. fol. ultimum som er peg B."
    This note has been crossed out.
  • Near the end of the text on fol. 5r the scribe has inserted a note into the text:
    "her wantar mikid vid framm ad elli dogum Haralldz kongs"
    . Then the text continues.
  • After line 12 on fol. 5v another scribal note can be found:
    "Hier effter ä ad setiast Brä vallar bardagi sem seiger frä Dauda haralldar hilldi Tannar"
    . This note has later been struck-through, presumably by Árni Magnússon, who has added
    "Bravallar"
    above.
  • A note in a later hand following the text reads:
    "Þesse bok a Heidurlegur Kienne Mann sera Throlffur[?] Claussuns"
    . This note has also been crossed out, in all likelihood by Árni Magnússon.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 2).
It is hitherto unknown how or when Árni Magnússon obtained this codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
AM 1 b fol. CU3 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (6r:34-10r:4) Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum Icelandic Bravallar bardage mille Haralldar kongs hilldetannar og Sigurdar hryngs Þar er Haralldur kongur hilldetónn var ordinn so gamall vmm þad folck er Allfar kallast vare miklu frydara enn[?] ønnur mannkynd a nordur londum. Og endar hier sa Bravallar bardaga. Note: The first 33 lines of fol. 6r contained the end of Hálfdanar þáttur svarta og Haralds hárfagra. The lines have been crossed out. Most of fol. 10r and all of fol. 10v are blank.
Codex
Paper
5305-310 mm x 200 mm
The watermark is a tower of three balls with a crown on top. There is no countermark.
The details are:
  • Fol. 6: "blank"
  • Fol. 7: tower
  • Fol. 8: tower
  • Fol. 9: "blank"
  • Fol. 10: "blank"

There is later pagination in the top right-hand corners in black ink (11-20).There is later foliation in red ink in the top right-hand corners (6-10). This foliation is partially fading.
There is later foliation in dark ink in the top margins (6-10). This foliation has partially been erased or written over to fit with the pagination.
There is modern foliation in pencil in the bottom right-hand corners (6-10).
There are five singletons:
  • Quire II: fols. 6-10 (6, 7, 8, 9, 10) (5 singletons) Note: Fols. 7-10 may have formed two bifolia.
There are no quire signatures.There are catchwords on every page except for the last two.
  • The leaves are somewhat dirty and show different stains, some of them possibly stemming from water.
  • The edges are darker than the rest of the pages and are untrimmed.
  • There are several repaires on the edges and in the inner margins using coloured Japanese paper.
The text is written in one column. 240 mm x 150 mm347-9Note: A running title on fol. 6r has been crossed out.
Þorleifur Kláusson Chancery Sole
  • Initial: The initials are enlarged (1-2 lines).
  • Paratext: The rubric is written in larger and more decorative letters.
  • Paratext: The catchwords are decorated by means of loops underneath.
  • Paratext: There are three small tail-pieces at the end of the text.
  • The end of the previous text and the running title on fol. 6r have been crossed out using brown ink.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 2).
It is hitherto unknown how or when Árni Magnússon obtained this codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
  • When Árni Magnússon acquired the codicological unit it was part of Ms76.


AM 1 c fol. CU1 (1601-1700, Iceland)
1. (1r:1-5v:21) Sögubrot af nokkrum fornkonungum Icelandic Sogubrot Af nockrum förn kongum i Dana og Sujavellde yvari vïdfadma, Hareki, Helga hinum huassa Haralldi hillditónn med Brauallar Bardäga og nokud af Sigurdi hring epter þuij sem fundist hafa ritud a nidlags saurblada rifrilldum sundurlaus I Brot vm konbonurfor Helga hins Huassa til Audar hinnar diupaudgu ÿvars dottur vidfadma i Sujarijki, og täl su or ÿvars wpphäfslaust Ord Audar vid fodur sinn, frammberandi erinde Helga med vnderhiggiu Sa eg ad þetta mäl þarf ad litt sie a lopt borid lijtur honum oc qveþur hann blijdum ordum og fỏgrum** Presumably a copy of AM 1 a fol. (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 2). Note: The lower part of fol. 5v is blank.
Codex
Paper
ii, 5, i310-320 mm x 190-195 mm
The watermark is a foolscap in a collar with eight bells which are hanging down close to each other. On the cap there are two bells, one on each side. There is no countermark visible.
The details are:
  • Second front flyleaf: foolscap
  • Fol. 1: foolscap
  • Fol. 2: foolscap
  • Fol. 3: "blank"
  • Fol. 4: "blank"
  • Fol. 5: "blank"

There is later foliation in red ink in the top outer corners (1-5) startig on fol. 1r.There is later foliation in black ink in the top outer corners repeating the red foliation (1-5).
There is modern foliation in pencil in the top outer corners of the second front flyleaf and fol. 1 (1-2).
There is one quire:
  • Quire I: Second front flyleaf-5 (front flyleaf+5, 1+4, 2+3) (3 bifolia) Note: The bifolium consisting of the second front flyleaf and fol. 5 has been repaired. According to the watermarks and chain-lines, they form an original bifolium.
There are no quire signatures.There are no catchwords.
  • The edges are untrimmed and partially darker than the rest of the leaves.
  • The second front flyleaf and fol. 5 have been heavily reapaired at the spine using coloured Japanese paper.
  • There are some minor repairs at the edges of the leaves using coloured Japanese paper.
  • The paper is stained and a larger stain from liquid is visible in the upper part of all leaves.
  • The recto-side of the second front flyleaf is especially dark from dirt and other discolouration.
  • The leaves show traces of having been folded twice.
The text is written in one column. 245-250 mm x 130-140 mm28-3110-12
Unknown Chancery Sole
  • Initial: There are small intitials (1-2 lines) on fols. 4r and 5r. They are intricately decorated by means of additional strokes and squiggles.
  • Paratext: There are small asterisks at the end of the text and on fol. 1r.
  • There is a short inscription (autograph?) on the contemporary second front flyleaf (recto-side) which is illegible due to smeared ink.
  • At the end of the text the scribe has added:
    "Hier vantar mikid vid fram ad elli dogum Haralldar Hillditannar"
    .
  • There are underlinings in the text. On fol. 4v, "NB" was added in the outer margin next to some marks in the text.

The codicological unit is bound in a modern half binding from Birgitte Dall's time.
There is no additional material.
The codicological unit was written in Iceland. Kålund dates it to the seventeenth century (Kålund 1889-1894, 1: 3).
It is hitherto unknown how or when Árni Magnússon obtained this codicological unit.

Former Physical Context:
Last update: 2016.
Please note: Bibliographical references are abbreviated. For complete references please contact the editor.
.
Den Arnamagnæanske Samling
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
Denmark
Nordisk Forskningsinstitut
Københavns Universitet
Njalsgade 136
2300 København S
nfi@hum.ku.dk
Tel. +45 35 32 85 00